The Representation of Social Groups in Aravind Adiga’s ‘The White Tiger,

655 Words3 Pages
Social groups involve two or more people who interact with one another, share similar characteristics and collectively have a sense of unity or objective similarity. In the case of Aravind Adiga’s ‘The White Tiger,’ the vast numbers of different social groups are represented in several different ways. Drivers in India are an example of a social group mentioned throughout the novel. Adiga’s interpretation of each driver or group of drivers in the novel are viewed though the eyes of Balram Halwai, the main character of the novel, who goes from living on the streets, to becoming a driver, to developing into an entrepreneur of his own driving company. In the first section of the novel, which takes place in the ‘Darkness ’ (the poorer districts of India), Balram is introduced to driving as an occupation and was intrigued by the amount of money drivers were being paid. Already here, it is evident that Balram is motivated by money and wishes to do more than work at a teashop for the rest of his life. To Balram drivers are something of a higher significance and worthiness.

The first driver we meet is the bus driver. In the poor village of Laxmangarh, everyone looks up to this bus driver. The village believes that he is a ‘man’ and Balram believes that living like a man meant ‘being like Vijay’ , the bus driver. This is firstly because he has managed to get a decent job, unlike the majority of the other jobs in the Darkness, and secondly, due to the freedom he gets from being able to drive around, liberating him from the poor conditions of the Darkness. Balram’s mention of ‘how important he looks’ and that he ‘wanted to be like Vijay’ concludes that his goal is to make it in life.

The next driver mentioned in the Darkness is the Truck ...

... middle of paper ...

...e progresses in the Light. Ashok’s attitude changes towards Balram, and as this occurs, Balram’s servitude towards Ashok changes in an ironic tone while carefully planning his revenge that resolves in the murder of his master. EXAMPLE

Initially Balram is humble which is ironic because this changes when he moves to the Light and becomes driver number 1. As he escalates in personal importance his requirements for satisfaction increases, and he develops an impatience towards being dependent on someone to earn money to survive. Drivers have fewer restrictions and are free to go wherever then can which is exactly what Balram desires. Whatever he needed to do to become a driver he did, and as this was not enough, he murdered his master and he felt admired for it. Comparably, the other drivers represented in the novel were also admired for their actions and who they were.

More about The Representation of Social Groups in Aravind Adiga’s ‘The White Tiger,

Open Document