Money lay at the centre of art, and that is why patronage is so important. The system of patronage is a wide term and therefore there are a number of influences to consider when answering this question. Among them are the glory of the family; the honour of the city; the increasing economic power of individuals and groups; and the classical legacy that influenced art so much. Although in the later Renaissance time, Rome became increasingly involved (with the Pope's influence), Florence and Venice were the two leading protagonists as centres of culture in the earlier years. Not surprisingly, they were also the two leading cities economically.
With Humanism stirring a desire for learning and the need to express individualism, outlets for creativity were quickly being sought out. Italian cities were already filled with the classical art left over from the dead Roman Empire. Artists surrounded by this fine architecture and art could very easily find inspiration and begin working to resurrect the artistic styles around them. Elegance and grace in art and ideas flourished as a result, and the Renaissance took hold of the Italians. The success of the new invigoration of the country’s spirit contributed to a wealthy economy, particularly in cities such as Florence, which became a center for banking.
The influence of a few people or ideas can affect a culture for a lifetime. The de Medici family was a powerful family that captured the ideals and principles of the Florence Renaissance and were able to use them to increase their influence during the time. Their influence in this time created many positive effects, some of which are still felt today. The family used their influence during this time to impact Florence and other European countries through their patronage of the arts, and political influence. Although most actions of the family did result in a better situation financially, socially and politically for themselves, most of their influence resulted in positive outcomes for not only Florence, but also other European countries.
THESIS STATEMENT During the Renaissance, Florence profited from a mercantile economy due to the guilds, the quality and variety of goods and the style and management of the market place. PURPOSE STATEMENT Through historical and economic data this research paper will express how Florence flourished from a mercantile economy in the Renaissance. INTRODUCTION The Renaissance was the rebirth of Europe and it all started in the city of Florence. Florence and everything that made a standard Renaissance city: painters, sculptors, writers, architects, and a vivid culture. Soon all of Europe would follow in Florence’s footsteps and “the setting is so rich, varied, rambunctious, and inventive as Italy in the Renaissance” (Cohen 1).
In the late fifteenth, and early sixteenth centuries the first economic Golden Age began. Two families, the Fugger's and Medici's were of immense wealth and power. Both helped to finance projects for certain people and institutions of power, like the Pope, English Monarchy and the Holy Roman Empire. Their economic success and political influence caused much turmoil then, and even more in the future. Because of the Fuggers' and Medici's wealth and power in society they easily influenced politics, especially ecclesiastical governance by usury and sale of indulgences.
The Renaissance was a movement that aimed at reviving the culture of classical Greece and Rome. This movement started in Italy between the 1300s to 1600s mainly because of its geography, politics, economics, and ethical code. Italy had many advantages that made it the birthplace of the Renaissance. Italy had cities that were flourishing, a rich merchant class, the classical heritage of Greece and Rome, and its population grew fast. All of these advantages that Italy had made it the ideal birthplace for the Renaissance.
He also is credited with helping Florence prosper economically and starting the renaissance with all his support and patronage. He is known as “il Magnifico”. Conclusion The renaissance was a time where people were able to exert lots of artistic and literary ideas. It all started because of the money from the Medici family and other rich patrons. These people opened up opportunities for many others.
Popularised due to the increase of wealth in Italy during the Renaissance, Patronage played an important role in the development of individual geniuses in art. Many wealthy families of the aristocratic Italy contributed greatly to the success of many artists in this time. They did this by drawing attention to the arts and supporting the industry by commissioning visual propaganda, works of art for displays of prestige and memorials. Patronage involved the patron commissioning and specifying most of the aspects of an artwork to an artist. These aspects include size, medium, subject matter, and precious materials used within the artwork.
Because these huge giant structures were so awe inspiring, people would travel from all around the region to visit them. This helped encourage trade, which would economically benefit any town fortunate enough to be able to erect a gothic style structure. The more commerce, the larger the town would get as well. This helped transform Europe from what was, just a bunch of small cities and town in to much larger metropolitan areas, like it is today. This also helped lay the ground work for some stronger political systems.
Italy itself was made up of city-states in which power was shared by leading families. By 1400 its leading city-state, Florence, had established stable self-government and great wealth through textile trading and banking, leading to a shared feeling of optimism and power. Responsible for the wealth of Florence, the ruling class of merchants, manufacturers and bankers were proud, competitive, academically curious and culturally astute. This wealth made patronage of the arts and the growth of Renaissance culture possible. In turn patronage was a way of demonstrating one’s wealth and power.