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The Renaissance Reformation

analytical Essay
1696 words
1696 words
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There is a certain fascination in life when humans at a certain time become retrospective. The Renaissance or rebirth during the Quattrocento period in Italy epitomized this phenomenon. Those individuals involved pursued antiquity with a fervent vigor and passion not seen in the following centuries of the modern age. Among the city-states on the Italian Peninsula, the Florentine Republic was on the verge of being the most prominent center of the Renaissance. Many contributing factors such as the influential families, the various guilds, politicians, and learned individuals propelled Florence to new heights of achievement; these include artistic expression, philosophical views—not seen since the days of Ancient Greece and Rome, diplomacy and government, advanced financial institutions, et al. However, it is important to point out that many habitual remnants of the previous era hitherto were still in existence and profound as well—such as the ecclesiastical dogma of the Catholic Church—which was static and mundane—and a quasi-feudalistic mentality among the population.

Concerning the Catholic Church in general, one must understand that it had excessive control over a significant portion of the populace of Europe at that time. It had virtual control over scholasticism, matrimony, finance, and every aspect of known activity; however, some individuals—influential political figures and upcoming humanists—saw the potential of studying and utilizing the classics.

Resistance to change is a homogeneous trait of human nature—regardless of the time and place. Certain individuals or groups of individuals, who saw that things as there were, began to ask many questions. The humanists of the Renaissance were in a position to understand that...

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Matthews, Roy T., F. DeWitt Platt and Thomas F. X. Noble. The Western Humanities. 7th ed. Vol. II. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2010. II vols.

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that the renaissance or rebirth during the quattrocento period in italy epitomized this phenomenon. influential families, guilds, politicians, and learned individuals propelled florence to new heights of achievement.
  • Explains that the catholic church had excessive control over a significant portion of the populace of europe at that time. however, influential political figures and upcoming humanists saw the potential of studying the classics.
  • Explains that resistance to change is a homogeneous trait of human nature—regardless of time and place. the humanists of the renaissance understood that the era preceding theirs was quite ambiguous.
  • Explains the medici family's rise to political hegemony during the quattrocento period was the culmination of political meandering, bribery, indirect coercion, nepotism, etc.
  • Explains that giovanni di bicci de' medici's benevolence and moderation became apparent after he became chief magistrate of the republic. he proposed a tax reform known as catasto.
  • Explains how giovanni's son, cosimo, took the florentine republic to new horizons by accumulating power, prestige, and wealth.
  • Explains how byzantine scholars brought ancient greek manuscripts to italy after constantinopole's fall. neo-platonism got a foothold on florentine society when cosimo opened the florentine academy.
  • Explains that marsilio ficino was commissioned by cosimo de' medici to oversee and administer the platonic academy.
  • Explains that ficino's most memorable achievement during the renaissance was his understanding of the teachings of plato on love.
  • Analyzes how pico della mirandola, a florentine academy graduate, would surpass his former mentor in many ways. he was familiar with classical philosophy and literature and studied at the universities of padua and paris.
  • Analyzes raphael's the school of athens, a fresco painted around 1510 in the apostolic palace of the vatican.
  • Analyzes how ficino, mirandola, and raphael attempted to meld christian doctrine with greek philosophy. the renaissance humanist's inquiry into the past created a never-ending cycle of enquiry until the present.
  • Describes the works of marcel brion, gilles cremonesi, and john herman randall.
  • Describes the platonic philosophy of james hankins, brian p. copenhaver, and charles b. schmitt. renaissance philosophy.
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