The Relationship Between Secure Attachment and Indirect Aggression

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Introduction Children, in their early childhood, rely on their attachment relationships for feelings of security. Securely attached children become well adapt at verbalising their needs. For example, a 4-year-old child may say “Please read me a story before you go”, communicating their fear of been left alone. This increased ability to verbalise their wants and needs continue well on into later childhood and adolescence (Hutchision, 2013). According to Bolby (1973), warm and secure attachment experiences promote beliefs that others have good intentions; however persons who grow with insensitive attachment figures may have bouts of dysfunctional behaviour. Armsden (1986) also believed that secure persons in an intrapersonal domain tend to have more positive, integrated and coherent views of their selves than do insecure persons. There has been a great deal of speculation about how maternal attachment affects all subsequent patters of social behaviour and it is essential that we bring to bear on these speculations all the data we have available (Caldwell, Bettye, Ricciuti, 1973). Although interpersonal attributions and their relationship have been explored extensively (Dodge & Fane, 1982; Gramhan, Hudly & Williams, 1992; Quiggle etal, 1992), the role of such awareness as a link between parent/adolescent attachment and adulterant aggressive behaviour has not been examined systematically (as cited in Simons, Paternite, & Shore, 2001, p. 185). Statistics show (NICHD, 2004) that children following high development trajectories for aggression are more likely to evolve from lower income families, where mothers tend to be less educated and parents are less sensitive and responsive. These parents may often be overwhelmed by a child’... ... middle of paper ... ...l Psychology, 78, 350-365. Graham, S., Hudley, C., & Williams, E. (1992). Attributional and emotional determinants of aggression among African-American and Latino young adolescent. Development Psychology. 28, 731-740. Hutchision, E.D., & Hutchision, E. D. (2013). Essentials of human behaviour: Integrating the life course, person, and environment. Thousand Oaks: CA: SAGE. Kevin J. Simons, Carl E. Paternite, Cecilia Shore. (2001). Quality of Parent/Adolescent Attachment and Aggression in Young Adolescents .Miami University (Ohio). Journal. Patterson, Barbara, and Nancy Meadows. The successful woman: sharpening your skills for personal and professional development. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1982. Print. Quiggle, N. L., Garber, J., Panak, W. F., & Dodge, K. A. (1992). Social information processing in aggressive and depressed children. Child Developm

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