1. Introduction: It is important for a registered counsellor to understand and gain insight into the field of neuropsychology, in order to enhance their critical thinking abilities and ultimately be an effective and well informed counsellor (Lucas, 2011). This essay will examine what neuropsychology refers to while exploring key terms of this field, discuss the history of neuropsychology and how it has developed over the years, differentiate between the different types of neuropsychology, discuss the role of neuropsychological assessment in the field of psychology and the role of a neuropsychologist in the South African context, as well as discuss the relevance of knowledge in the field of neuropsychology for registered counsellors. 2.
When combining the term cognition and neuroscience, it will give us one of the psychological models founded by Wilhelm Wundt and Franciscus Cornels Dondre in the 19th century. Cognitive neuroscience, with its concern about perception, action, memory, and language will increasingly come to represent the central focus of all neuroscience in the 21st century (Eric R. Kandel, M.D.). As a result, cognitive neuroscience is the interdisciplinary study of the brain activity linked with perception, thinking, memory, and language (Myers). This psychological model enabled people to see themselves in their thought.
Psychology itself is a broad term where everyone may be ambiguous to it. There’s a lot of subjects psychology talks about, but it’s main definition is the scientific study of mental processes and behavior. The brain is the function to life and without it, there is no life. The brain has so many functions such as the ability for a person to see, hear, make decisions, sensing and touching, and many more. The brain regulates and sends signals to the body from birth to death. It was said, “ A person only uses 10% of it’s brain” which is completely false, everyone uses 100% of the brain even when they don’t realize it. No matter what situation anyone is dealing with, it’s how the brain would interpret the problem and that’s how one would act upon
In both clinical care and research, the use of brain imaging, also known as “neuroimaging”, is becoming an increasingly important technique. New technologies such as Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging, or FMRI, allow researchers to study the brain at a level which was never thought possible. This noninvasive procedure allows researchers to visualize brain structure and function, at both the molecular and whole brain level (A.) Scientists are now able to better understand neural networks and a variety of other cognitive processes. For the first time in human history, extremely complex wonders of the brain are being uncovered. Psychiatric diseases, human emotion, personality traits, and many other phenomena that were once mysteries are now being deeply analyzed and understood. Each day new doors are being opened...
Clearly, education has an immediate and definite purpose in my own life. As a student, I have been exposed to events that have had a profound impact on the development of my interests, talents, values, or what some may call intelligence. My own approach to problem solving has inspired me to frame the question of the interplay of intelligence, human behavior, learning, and experience in the language of neuroscience. Neuroscience is appealing to me because it offers an explanation for the micro and macro-level processes that operate to create my complex and unique approach to problem solving and response to the world. In this way, the alignment of neuroscience with biology and psychology offer a convincing general plan for the framework of stimulus and response. That is, neural cell development impacts upon external stimulus reception that, in turn, directs cognitive processing and eventually elicits a behavioral response. This course has indicated to me that the neural circuitry involved with such systems of stimulus and response are not linear, but complex and interdependent. What follows is an integration of brain-based theories on internal representations of experience and memory for the purpose of providing perspective, and ultimately improving the conditions for learning and development in a progressive way.
Thestudy of psychology has been crucial to the understanding of behavior and thehuman mind as early as 1000 B.C. (Rescorla). With its wealth of research andstudies, psychology has provided valuable insights into the human mind and it’s functioning. These insights, however, rely on many models of psychology and require a complete understanding of all psychological models to be successfully applied to the understanding of human behavior. The four main models of psychology are the biological model, the psychodynamic model, the cognitive model, and the behavioral model. Each model brings its own unique view toconcepts in psychology, but more often than not, each model attempts to distance itself from other models as it attempts present itself as the superiormodel. The biological model seems to be the worst culprit of such separation as it relies far too heavily on prescription drugs and medical intervention and ignores other methods of treatment that could be far more efficacious. The separate evolution of these models seems to severely limit the value of psychological research as an integration of all the models could reveal insights valuable to the psychological community. Each model has diverged and converged on its own theories and practices but has done this separately and isolated from one another.
According to Bruer, educators have become increasingly interested in neuroscientific claims and how it can guide educational practice (Bruer, 1997). In this article, Bruer examines these claims, which he calls the neuroscience and education argument (Bruer, 1997). Bruer claims that the argument fails because its advocates are trying to build a bridge to far (Bruer, 1997). As Bruer
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder is related to a biochemical imbalance in the brain that can be treated effectively without drugs. This starts with a biochemical problem in the brain called “Brain Lock”. (Schwartz, 1996) Four key structures of the brain become locked together and the brain sends false messages that the person cannot recognize as false. (Schwartz, 1996) One of the main signal-processing centers of the brain, made up of two structures called the caudate nucleus and the put amen, can be thought of like a gearshift in a car. (Schwartz, 1996) The caudate nucleus is like the automatic t...
William James an American psychologist of the 19th century was one of the first people to state that there is a connection between neurophysiological processes and psychological phenomena (1). In 1992 John Cacioppo and Gary Bernstein determined that t...
By studying similar diseases between humans and animals has led physicians to some major breakthroughs. These breakthroughs are as major as the cure (and extinction) of smallpox to finding a commonality in the canine brain with Canine Compulsive Disorder (CCD) and human brain with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD). Nofsinger states that “…the structural brain abnormalities of Doberman pinschers afflicted with canine compulsive disorder (CCD) are similar to those of humans with OCD” (Nofsinger). This finding allows for us to both better understand OCD and to develop ways to cure both at the same time instead of as separate which allows time for advancement elsewhere.