While conservatives want to keep the constitution the way it is. Modern liberals support a large government that provides benefits to people who normally wouldn 't have; like health care and extra assistance. In addition, they tend to support most amendments like gun control, due to process of law or right to a fair trial. On the other hand, conservatives support a limited government that only provides necessary things like schools. Although, with alI the good things that liberalist defend for, I also think there should be a measure into how much of liberty a certain right should have.
As is expected liberals tend to vote for certain issues that conservatives will disagree with and vice versa. Of course the issues are not random, each side will vote for and against particular kinds of issues. Demographically it is possible to predict, to a certain degree, what school of thought someone belongs to by their social status, ethnicity, or even their level of schooling; however, it is more difficult to do so accurately using these factors. Each faction, with its own varying viewpoints, constitutes a large portion of modern political thought in America. The main ideological argument that separates liberals and conservatives is the role that the government plays in the lives of people.
Classical liberal ideas often form the basis for opposition to the use of government to attain social objectives. They stress instead reliance on private initiatives or the free market to determine the best outcomes. Liberals believe in the government action the allows equal opportunities and equality for all. Liberals have a more fact-based, rather than faith-based, ideology. They are not so motivated by self-serving but actually negative emotions, such as prejudice, greed and fear, and thus can see the great advantages to a society of justice for all The basic duty of the government is to protect the common good and private rights of individuals.
For liberals it all culminates in the belief for a larger, more involved government. Conservatives on the other hand believe in a government that focuses on people’s individual responsibility and freedom. By doing so they believe that people will work to better themselves and provide for themselves. Conservatives also believe in a limed government that only provides basic functions for the people. For conservatives it all culminates in the principle of a smaller, less involved government.
Naturally, there are different variants of liberalism that may argue on the extent the government is allowed to interfere; classical liberalism strongly believes in the minimalism of the state while modern liberalism recognises the state as an active participant in the economy (Schapper, 2018). However more broadly, liberalism is essentially about ensuring and trusting that the government will respect the people’s individual freedom while there are perhaps more radical variants such as the one of libertarianism which is about considering individual freedom as a given due to as little government involvement as possible (Johnson,
While other political agendas advocate liberty and freedom, the liberal stance truly offers a realistic approach and method of achieving those aspects of American life. Essentially, liberalism is a political philosophy that stresses individual liberty, freedom and equality of opportunity. The liberal feels more faith should be placed in progress and they prefer to look forward to the future, as opposed to the conservative focus on the past. Accordingly, liberals feel a return to a traditional morality is unrealistic, because this is a morality based on the inequality of women, and the moral values of the 1950?s. Inherently, this is repressive.
In understanding both ideologies, it is imperative to have an understanding of classical liberalism. Classical liberalism was built on ideas from the seventeenth ... ... middle of paper ... ...ould harm it, while conservatives tend to oppose things such as the Clean Air Act for monetary reasons. Conservatives tend to support smaller government while liberals tend to want a larger government. Even though there are many differences between the two ideologies they both derived from classical liberalism. Some individuals refer to classical liberalism as the “best of both worlds” ideology.
In this essay, I will be discussing Liberalism and Socialism, what exactly they entail, and how they were and are still used in societies today. Liberalism is defined as a political orientation that favors social progress by reform and by changing laws rather than by revolution. Socialism is defined as a political and economic theory of social organization that advocates that the means of production, distribution, and exchange should be owned or regulated by the community as a whole. While the intentions of liberalist and socialist governments are the same, what makes them different is how they believe is the best ways to obtain a prosperous and peaceful nation. Liberalist government was founded on the ideas of liberty and equality.
On the other hand, the book, Liberalism: The Genius of American Ideals by Marcus G. Raskin, argued that there was no escaping from liberalism. According to Raskin, liberalism has not faded into history like many people think. Liberalism is important in the United States because it drives the country along with conservatism. In the United States, liberalism is focused on the voting rights for all adult citizens, equal rights, protection of the environment, and the terms by the government in regard to education, health care, building the highways and canals, food for the hungry as well as providing shelter for the homeless. Liberalism is also focused on the freedoms in the Bill of Rights like the freedom of speech, freedom of the press, freedom of religion, the right of due process and equality under the law, as well as the separation of church and state.
With political capitalism rising to fame, Progressive politics experienced new themes and areas. The inevitability of federal regulation policies, reformation of social welfare, conservation, and various innovations with banking led to one conservative effort: the preservation of existing powers and economic/social relations. The political leaders of this ear were conservative in that they all believed in the fundamentals of basic capitalism. The various forms of anti-trust legislation presented by each president made the nation one step closer to providing a stable, predictable, and secure, therefore, conservative capitalist society. Theodore Roosevelt’s statist tendencies brought new meaning to government regulation.