These allow them to dominate the society by political corruption hence exposing the non-owners to unemployment and poverty (Macionis and Plumber, 2005). Those people at the top of the social class hierarchy can also use their greater economic and political resources to preserve their advantageous position. According to Gilchrist et al (2007), in conflict theory there are few basic conflicts which are class, race and ethnicity and gender. There are low and high ranks that give certain groups more power and prestige over others which cause conflicts in
It is seen here that it was the Bourgeoisie were struggling against the Privileged class ... ... middle of paper ... ...hed to them, because their privileges were taking large percentages of profits, adding on-costs to goods, causing massive inflation and reducing the wages of the middle class. In order to do this though they had get the reforms they wanted by having a role in government and take some of the power from the king, because he supported the Aristocracy. At no point in the build up to the revolution did poverty become an issue, the Bourgeoisie were looking after their own interests and trying to create a equal society in which they would become the most powerful and richest. Word Count:- 2,148 words Citation 1. Johnson, D. (1970) The French Revolution, Wayland, London.
When someone abuses his power, that means there occurs inequality. However, as the income inequality becomes more and more serious, and the social equality is at risk. One major reason is the rich abuses their power, take away almost everything, leave only so little to the middle class and the poor, that makes the contradiction. Gregory Mantsios wrote "Class in America-2009", he provided some example from the rich, middle class and poor family to discuss the different life condition of the different class in America. Mr. Mantsios state, "Despite what we like to think about ourselves as a nation, the truth is that opportunity for success and life itself are highly circumscribed by our race, our gender, and the class we are born into"(297).
This then leads people to want power. And because of this, in Machiavelli’s eyes, we cannot have a completely good society based on the fact that because the worst, most self-interested people always rise to the top therefore the rulers of a society are going to be the worst. Knowing this will happen, Machiavelli feels that the only feasible way of preventing them from being highly oppressive is to construct a society that decreases exploitation and increases the general well being of the people. In Machiavelli’s The Prince, he shows that the really intelligent ruler or prince will find it in his own self-interest to treat the people well. He would do this because the common people are not the threat to him because they are just peasant workers, rather the nobles are the most threatening because they feel that they are just as good if not better than the prince himself.
He argued that society was divided between the bourgeoisie (middle class, business owners, and capitalists) and the proletariat (wage workers). His belief was that the bourgeoisie grew wealthier and the wealthier by exploiting the proletariat. He also believed that wage workers were always paid less than the true value of their work, defining the difference between the value of the wage and the value of the goods produced. Over time the frustration over exploitation would result in class wars between the proletariat who believed the surplus value belonged to them and the bourgeoisie who were not willing to give up their profits. In the end revolution was the inevitable result by the endless exploitation of the workers by the capitalists.
This pattern started in the ancient times and continues into the modern period where the exploited class is continually fighting for better conditions, but end up with a facade of not being exploited. The structure of the societies in each stage is a product of the preceding stages. Since the beginning of societies, there has always been a subset of society that benefit from the exploitation of the other. Because of this social structure, revolutions occur to restructure society; however, the end result of each is not the intended one of the exploited. The benefitting subset gains more wealth and political influence after each revolution
In essence, this widened the gap of economic dualism by forcing majority of the lower class people into living standards well below the poverty levels. Evidently, this would cause cultures to revolt on their kings through revolutionary measures or migrations of some or all of the people by force of other aggressive nations. On the other hand, when migration was done by the willingness of the people, it was in search of new trade, commodities, or expansion for their empire. After researching the Hebrew, Han, and Germania cultures, there are great comparisons to how they each had to migrate by force of political and economic duress which lead to them being conquered. Starting with the Hebrew culture, King David was a military leader who united twelve tribes under one political unity.
Marx believed that after the inevitable revolution of the proletariats against the oppressive force of the bourgeoisie, a communistic form of government would take hold. Under the oppression of the bourgeoisie, the proletariats, who composed the mass majority, only owned one resource—their labor. However, the bourgeoisie could not continue to exist without the instruments of production. Since the common worker lived only so long as they could find work, and could only work so long as their labor increases capital, they continued to be oppressed by the bourgeoisie, who controlled the capitalist society by exploiting the labor provided by the proletariats. People sell their laboring-power to a buyer, not to satisfy the per... ... middle of paper ... ... his ideals and theories were influenced by the popular philosophical circles present throughout Europe.
Reiss, E (1997:51) says that capitalism exists because the wealth-creating enterprises are owned privately by a few and most people have to sell their labour and w... ... middle of paper ... ...struggles. As stated above they believe the ruling class dominate the working class and keep them compliant and controlled. There is one major strength when looking a Marxism, but it is only theoretical. Their view on how society should be run is a much better one that aims towards a more equal society. This would greatly benefit everyone in the working class and especially lower classes.
Capitalism is an oppressive economical and social system. It serves as a tool used by the rich minority to oppress, divide and control our society, our relationships and our governments. These divisions created by the capitalistic economic and social system have been blamed for many of the disparities in our society by conflict theory philosophers such as Karl Marx. These philosophers state that since groups are in a power struggle, the needs of all will not be met and will result in the exploitation and oppression of disadvantaged individuals . Capitalism is a system based on exploitation.