The Relation Between Virtue and Happiness

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What establishes a noble, valuable, enjoyable life? Many philosophers tried their own beliefs to these ancient and most persistent of philosophical question. Most of Philosophers have agreed that the best possible life is a life where the ideas of “virtue” and “happiness” are fulfilled. Nevertheless expected differences in terms, many great minds theorized that the road to a joyful, flourishing, happy life is paved with virtues. For example, Aristotle believed that anyone keen to live a virtuous life will reach happiness (Aristotle 1992). Also according to Roman Cicero, the bonds between virtue and happiness are very strong, that a virtuous person could still be happy even if he is tortured (McMahon 2006). In addition, Rosalind Hursthouse contended that owning virtue does not essentially result in happiness, as luck plays an irrefutable part in human’s life; however it is the best bet for a good life (Hursthouse 1999). Exactly the same like taking on a healthy routine is the best way for being healthy, although it does not assurance perfect health. In my opinion, there is a strong connection between virtue and happiness, yet there are some exceptions.

Do you think that naturalism is well-matched with Buddhism? According to Owen Flanagan, the answer is “Yes”, and it seems that the book can be treated as an answer to this question. Flanagan is unlike many philosophers who take Buddhist philosophy and Buddhism actively. In his last chapter, Flanagan observes the connection between happiness and virtue and their relations in its epistemology, moral philosophy, and metaphysics through a fair eye with western analytic traditions. Flanagan has highlighted the perception of the Buddhist belief of “happiness” as contrasting with the Aristotelian convention while stating the similarities on their treatment of the simple relationship between moral and rational virtues. He examined the checklist of virtues in both beliefs that are crucial for human to function well, “Nirvana” for Buddha and “Eudaimonia” for Aristotle. Flanagan contends that whereas Buddhism lacks the concept of justice in its list, Aristotle lacks the idea of compassion and loving-kindness.

Beside the question of is there an actual link that exists between happiness and virtue? Let us be sure that people generally would like it to. We passionately want to accept as true that good things happen to good people and evil things happen to evil people, which people get what they really deserve and deserve what they get. People wishes to see virtue granted with happiness and evil penalized with unhappiness is a normal consequence of this logical human tendency.
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