Torture, fear, executions, horror, political and social changes…. these are just a few terms that come to mind when people think of the Reign of Terror. France was in the middle of a political and social revolution and wanted all citizens against this movement to be destroyed. Drastic measures such as mass killings and legal actions were taken to rid the country of these enemies, thus beginning the Reign of Terror. There were many reasons as to why this time period occurred.
(Doc D) In a letter written by a city official of the Town of Niort a... ... middle of paper ... ...st powerful symbols of the French Revolution and killed an estimated 20,000 to 40,000 people during the Reign of Terror. (Doc F) The guillotine was a sharp, angled blade that killed quickly the most deadly and feared method of invoking fear during the revolution. (Doc F) These methods; however, became too extreme and the deaths of the incident was not justified. Although, the Reign of Terror was seen as a way to let the revolution live and was well supported it was not justified. Because the internal threats propagated radicalism, the external threats raged and became stronger, and the methods became chaotic the Reign of Terror extended its stay in France until the death of the powerful leader Robespierre.
He, as a member of the Committee of Public Safety, saw thousands of “traitors” slaughtered for speaking out against the radical turn the revolution had taken. It was Robespierre’s death in 1794 that eventually ended the bloody revolution, though it left France in a bloody mess, leaving the way open for Napoleon to take control.
During his reign as king, France participated in several wars including the War of Devolution, in Anglo-Dutch War, and the War of the Spanish Succession. Another major action he took was the proclamation of the Edict of Fontainebleau, which revoked the Edict of Nantes, imposing religious uniformity through Catholi... ... middle of paper ... ...roblems and turned a great number of people against the monarchy. These events lead to the resentment that was another key factor in beginning the French Revolution. The end of King Louis XIV’s rule was especially disastrous. After the death of his advisor Colbert, King Louis XIV made even more horrible and costly decisions.
Soon after the Bastille was taken, many other outbursts and riots occurred in France. Many aristocrats’ chateaux were burned, and this era of violence became known as The Great Fear (Wright 33). Many aristocrats and clergy fled the country in fear of being beheaded (Wright 34). Louis was put on trial as a traitor and was executed on January 21, 1793. Many people led revolts and provided the revolutionary ideas that the upper classes feared... ... middle of paper ... ... but his future was clearly in England with his daughter and son-in-law (Kiran-Raw).
Among his deceptive ways, the people also experienced “The Reign of Terror,” which was a period where many lives were taken by the guillotine. Other revolutionary events included rebellions, constitutions, and groups. One of the popular groups that contributed greatly to the French Revolution were the Jacobins who were led by Maximilien Robespierre. King Louis XVI was next in line for the throne in 1774 and gladly inherited it from Louis XIV to become the ruler over France. He drastically changed the whole country and put its people through ghastly conditions.
They demanded justice, and were determined to attain it one way or another. This impassioned murderous attack fanned the flame of a rebellion that is now known as the French Revolution. English novelist, Charles Dickens, understood the feelings of the French commoners, for he too was oppressed. Forced to end school and work in a factory when he was only a youth, Dickens got a first-hand taste of the injustice governments often deal out. Nevertheless, Dickens’ sympathies were provisional; he condemned the French for their lack of genuine respect for life.
France experienced a great change in 1793, When the radical Jacobins became in power. The country was in havoc, and a Reign of Terror developed by local revolutionary committees. Because of this, thousands of people were killed by guillotine or other methods. The Terror was successful in executing the counter-revolutionaries of the French Revolution to no longer conspire against the radicals and reformers, and The Reign of Terror also united France as a nation under a new government, making the era of terror justifiable for themselves. Unfavorably, The Terror led to persecution of the people of France, as many people who were in various ways undeserving of capital punishment were killed.
Initially, the French Revolution was a popular revolt against the monarchy’s dominance, unjust advantage and the abundance of the elite. The slogan for this bloodthirsty battle, continually repeated in Dickens’ novel, was “The Republic One and Indivisible of Liberty, Equality, Fraternity, or Death.” In reality, the rioting revolution brought loss of liberty, tyranny, and cruel chauvinism. Desperate to make this Republic a reality, the revolutionaries eagerly executed all who stood in the way of their dream, killing 18,000 to 40,000 people in the process. (New World Encyclopedia) The French Revolutionaries thought of themselves as a republic. New Oxford Dictionary defines a Republic as “a state in which supreme power is held by the people and their elected representatives.” (New Oxford Dictionary) Although these men and women sought for a republic, they were not one; they were revolutionaries, fighting for power.
French revolution, a greatest event of modern times which left France and other countries shocked because of its huge effect. It influenced the whole human society and gave a message of liberty, equality and fraternity. French revolution was a movement which took place in 1789 till 1799; it was a violent and bloody revolt that caused a lot of brutal events in the history such as the execution of King Louis the XV1 and his wife Marie Antoinette. It also destroyed the whole generation of the king’s family as his youngest son suffered and died, his daughter lived a brutal life. The French revolution launched a region of terror that killed thousands of people and inspired almost all European countries like Italy and Russia.