The Reforms Of Peter The Great And The Tsar Of Russia

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Pyotr Alexeyevich Romanov, better known as Peter the Great, was Tsar of Russia from 1682-1725. He is best known for his efforts to reform Russia in order to make it a stable and strong nation. Voltaire once proclaimed, “At last Peter was born, and Russia was created. Before the reign of Peter the Great, Russia was behind most European countries in many aspects. Russia did not make good use of the bodies of water surrounding it because the Russians didn’t trade with other countries and they didn’t even have a single ship. Also the agriculture and manufacturing industries were ignored. When Peter the Great came into power, he realized that Russia had many things to improve on. Without reforms, Russia would not move forward, but rather backwards and would be susceptive to attack from foreign nations. Peter the Great’s plan was to modernize Russia so the life of the citizens would be improved and to remove Russia’s inability to defend itself. Peter the Great was strongly influenced by other European countries, as this was seen in many of his reforms. Peter the Great made Russia more modern by reforming the military, changing the way people were educated, and improving the economy of Russia. Peter the Great had a lot to do if he wanted to reform and strengthen Russia’s military. Russia’s army was very inexperienced and powerless before Peter the Great’s reforms. The army mainly consisted of villagers, which were led by the elders of the village. They were trying to protect Russia but didn’t do so well because they lacked knowledge about the military and war. Peter combated this issue by introducing recruitment of members and the same training regime for all members of the military. This led to them being more organized and effect... ... middle of paper ... ...very important to Russia’s trading industry. After the Northern War, Peter acquired some land. With this land he established the city of St. Petersburg. This is where the warm water port was located. Not only was St. Petersburg warmer but it was located near the Baltic Sea, which gave Russia more opportunities to trade with other countries. Russia’s trade industry skyrocketed one year after the reforms. Around 200 vessels came to St. Petersburg to trade with Russia. The water ports were successful as well as they did receive 1000-1200 vessels annually. Without a doubt, Russia would need a way to fund these reforms, so Peter the Great introduced a poll tax. During the reign of Peter the Great the poll tax increased the government’s revenue by 600% Peter the Great’s economic reforms paid off because it stimulated the economic growth of Russia in the 18th century.
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