The Reformation Of The Roman Catholic Church

explanatory Essay
1920 words
1920 words

In my essay I will attempt to give an overview of the many positive and negative changes that the reformation groups and individuals had to Roman Catholic Church and other churches. The reformation was a religious movement that started officially by Martin Luther challenging the sale of the indulgences in Roman Church. Historical Background. The major characters that contributed to the reformations in the early churches e.g. Martin Luther, John Calvin among others. The major causes for the reformation against the Roman Catholic Church include 1. Wrong doctrine teachings. Assertion that final authority was only the bible while the Roman Catholic Church asserted that the church was overall supreme controlling political institutions, economic activities and artistic developments. 2. Lavish lifestyle of the popes and clergy, involvement in non-religious matters and immoral activities. 3. The practice of selling Indulgences. 4. Luther cold not understand why the Bible was read in a Latin language that the people did not understand and that it should be for all not just the educated clergy. He felt it should be read and studies so that the ordinary person could understand. Luther also wanted it to be printed so that people could read it at their homes and teach themselves a move that was rejected by the council of oxford. 5. Sacraments and the concept of purgatory. The troubles they had to face to save their faith or Christianity would have faced a serious decline were it not for their unselfish, greedy and spiritual hunger. The reformers were brilliant elite and deep spiritual men and through this reformation process another branch of Christianity sprout “Protestantism”. Reformation had its source background during the period of... ... middle of paper ... ...ted the translation of the bible from Latin, which made it easier and readily available to people. On the side of woman rights, woman had more security in marriages, which meant they could divorce their husbands. Women also had the right to own property, became more privileged to study although they were limited to the bible. Girls that were sent to the Coventry were released from oppression having been sent there without their consent. In the secular view reformation brought the act of liberalism people respected other people ideas although this freedom also gave people space to create heresies, false teachings. King Henry VIII replaced the Church of England as the head due to his personal satisfaction this caused the church to break officially with Roman Catholic Church in Rome. Church lost most of property though it was popular and still is popular today.

In this essay, the author

  • Explains the reformation was a religious movement that started officially by martin luther challenging the sale of indulgences in roman church.
  • Explains that luther didn't understand why the bible was read in a latin language that the people did not understand. he wanted it to be read and studied so that ordinary people could understand it.
  • Explains that the reformation had significant and applicable effects on the church and to individuals.
  • Explains that martin luther's translation of the bible made it possible for regular people to read and understand the bible in a language that was consistent to them.
  • Explains that it gave people the ability to know everything that was going on in the roman catholic church.
  • Explains that the reformation also resulted in other christian religions e.g. lutheran, baptist etc. that gave new vibrancy of life to the true religion of god.
  • Explains that through the revolution monarchies power were strengthened during which time medieval europe the roman catholic church virtually ruled over everyone. rule of state became more secular.
  • Analyzes how luther abolished the catholic idea that usury was a sin and gave people an economic order of capitalism that led to prosperity of european people.
  • Explains that emperor constantine gave more religious choice and freedom of worship to the people of europe due to his conversion.
  • Explains the growth and development of churches as a result of end to persecution of christians, which strengthened and edified their spirit.
  • Explains how king henry viii stopped paying taxes to the pope, which meant that the church was no longer under papal oversight. king replaced the head of the church of england.
  • Explains that the decline of church powers meant individual monarchs and states acquired power and resources that paved way for modern-nation states. the reformation made it easier for the growth of the modern world.
  • Explains that luther's teachings helped christians understand that they have an open and direct communication with god, without a priest.
  • Explains that council of trent set out to counter reformation, confirmed training for priests to improve their intellectual and moral discipline by laying some new rules.
  • Explains that the reformation liberated some of the catholic nuns and monks trained to be celibates and the convents shut down a blessing for those who did not want to become nuns.
  • Explains that the holy roman empire lost power in a religious and politically fragmented empire.
  • Explains the rise of individualism and how money kept at home was used to start small businesses. non-landed wealthy people started to create a better life for themselves.
  • Explains that protestant and catholic groups set a hospitality attitude towards each other and this caused church disunity. new churches sprung up with different extreme divergent beliefs where reformation movement was taking place.
  • Explains that some used the bible to supress others ideas and scholasticism.
  • Explains that reformation was a curse to some of the nuns who were i coventry.
  • Explains that the roman catholic church lost its power to the king, which meant loss of resources and financial instability due to cut down of the tax payments to pope. popes corruptions led him to lose focus of spiritual leadership.
  • Explains that before the reformation people could buy their way to heaven and the church was corrupt depriving people of their property, which led people to poverty and mislead them to incoherent doctrines and masses.
  • Explains that reformation led to bloody religious persecution of the believers who belonged to the minority sect by the majority.
  • Explains that separation of state and church power meant that people had free will to be religious or secular. kings strengthened and increased their power over people, pope and against emperor.
  • Explains that the church was no longer seen as an independent institution separate from secular governance, rather as a less important body in the society that was obliged to agree with the state.
  • Explains that erasmus, a christian humanist who had set the pase for luther, was disappointed because religious revolution took humanism in the wrong direction.
  • Explains that king henry used the reformation for his personal advantage/misuse of power married many wives as opposed to scriptures.
  • Explains that the reformation caused disunity in germany because they lacked a centralized economy. religion was ruled by princes or the city council in geneva.
  • Explains that a great disagreement between protestants and catholics erupted on the side of art, causing disparity between artefacts made in the north and south.
  • Explains that the disunited religions wanted to gain power over the others that were weak and form a state religion.
  • Explains the major characters that contributed to the reformations in the early churches e.g. martin luther, john calvin among others.
  • Explains that the reformers were brilliant elite and deep spiritual men and through this reformation process another branch of christianity sprouted "protestantism". the revolution had both positive and negative effects on christianity, political system, and social lives.
  • Explains that the printing press invented by johann gothenburg brought a major change that allowed the reformers to freely print their views and also helped them translate the bible to the language more common to people.
  • Explains that education became more important in society because people wanted to become aware of the teachings in the scriptures as well as the doctrines the roman catholic church were teaching.
  • Explains that reformation led people to democracy, with their own concept of spiritual faith, and brought about religious upheavals in western europe.
  • Opines that the reformation was an important period in church as it impacted people socially, economically and politically.
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