Reflection of meaning was used in the transcript section, T-29, by helping to provide insight to the client’s meaning when she stated that she felt isolated. Reflection of feelings was used in the transcript section, T-17. By using reflection of feelings, I validated how the client felt by stating that she must feel frustrated with what is going on with her current situation. I used premature interpretation in the transcript section, T-14, by making an assumption on how her dad must feel like rather than acknowledging her feelings of having to add her father on social media. The intended outcome of the session was to learn more about the client and her current situation. It was important to listen to her discuss her issues with the relationship …show more content…
After using reality therapy to help guide the client to achieve goals of improvement between her relationships with her mother and father, if depression is still occurring, focusing on an evidence-based treatment might be more appropriate. In the Psyc 607 course, Treatment of Children and Adolescents, I learned that depression could be effectively treated in adolescents using Interpersonal Psychotherapy. The textbook, Evidence-Based Psychotherapies for Children and Adolescents included an evidence-based article called Treating Adolescent Depression Using Interpersonal Psychotherapy explained that, “Although not the sole cause of depression, interpersonal conflict is more common among depressed adolescents than their non-depressed peers” (Weisz and Kazdin, 2010, p. 140). Furthermore, the authors of the article included in the textbook, Jacobson and Mufson, explained that, “Dysfunction interactions patterns with parents and peers and were linked to higher levels of depression one year later among a group of adolescents” (Weisz and Kazdin, 2010, p. 2010). Hence, …show more content…
When I went outside, I was in America, but inside my house, it was Mexico. My father was the leader of the house. It wasn’t that way for some of my American friends” (Sue & Sue, 2008, p. 375). Reading this quote reminded me of the client because she discussed having trouble adjusting and having her father has head of the household. The textbook included a chapter on counseling Hispanics and Latinos. Sue and Sue discussed the importance of family value among the Hispanic population. Learning this made me understand why it was so important for the client to build a relationship with her mother and father that she had not seen in nearly fourteen years. Sue and Sue explained that “stress found among adult Mexican immigrants results in depressive symptoms…culture conflicts all function as stressors for recent immigrants” (Sue & Sue, 2008, p. 386). Hence, the stress of immigration and cultural conflicts can also contribute to the client’s depressive symptoms. However, as I learned in the diversity course, it is important to evaluate the clients’ importance of their culture and determine whether the depression is a result of cultural conflicts rather than make an
The Latino culture is a collectivistic culture that puts group interests over individual interests. When counseling Latinos, one needs to keep in mind the importance of family in their culture. Family members need to be a part of the counseling process. At times, group counseling with the whole family could help, along with involving family in the treatment process. With the potential language barrier a counselor could also ask an interpreter to mediate with the client during sessions to make sure there is an understanding between the client and the
Depression is a mental health disease, which sometimes goes undetected for many months or years in patients. There is not a certain characteristic the one has that says whether or not they will be affected by depression. Depression is like a rain cloud constantly hovering one or like a big black blanket that one cannot pull off of them. (Leung, LaChapelle, Scinta, & Olvera, 2014) states in a study it was report that “Mexican Americans were more likely than any other racial group to have a persistently high depressive symptoms trajectory. The study also found that Mexican American women had higher rates of depression than the men in this group. Depression is defined as a feeling of hopelessness.” Depression can be treated with medications like anti-depressants or Beta-Blockers. In some patients the mental illness never dissipates even with the help of
The main techniques that will be used to achieve the goals are: (1) drawing a genogram, which will help him to visually see how what the family transactional patterns of relating have been, (2) he will learn to operate in a neutralized triangle, because with this approach, the belief is that the therapeutic process is already a form of triangulation, and therefore this therapy is based on the premise that tension in relationships will dissipate if the individual remains in contact with a third person- and if that third person remains emotionally neutral and objective, (3) process questions will be asked during sessions to tone down the emotion and to foster self-reflection, which lowers anxiety and helps to neutralize the triangle, (4) the therapist will act as a coach, which is a means of asking questions designed to help increase his self-focus, so that he increases his awareness of his own role in the family emotional processes and how his responses contribute to the emotional field and (5) finally, Grant will be encouraged to take the “I” position, in which he will need to learn to express how he feels instead of pointing fingers at what others are
The Latino community, from immigrating to United States born Latinos are often known to be depressed. Depression is a medical illness that causes a constant feeling of sadness and lack of interest, it affects how the person feels, behaves and thinks. Many Latinos rely on their extended family, community, traditional healers, or churches for help during a health crisis. As a result, many Latinos with mental illnesses often go without professional mental treatment. But why is it that Latinos are so reluctant to receiving help? Sheila Dichoso states that, “there are only 29 Latino mental-health professionals for every 100,000 Latinos in the United States, compared to 173 non-Hispanic white providers per 100,000 non-Hispanic whites.” Coming along this information completely amazed me, knowing that there is a vast difference between Latino and non-Hispanic white mental health providers is shocking.
Delgado, M. Y., Killoren, S. E., & Updegraff, K. A. (2013). Economic hardship and Mexican-origin adolescents’ adjustment: Examining adolescents’ perceptions of hardship and parent–adolescent relationship quality. Journal Of Family Psychology, 27(5), 827-837. doi:10.1037/a0033737
Teenage Depression. Everywhere you look these two words appear together as one, in newspapers and magazines, as well as in scholarly reports. Teenage depression is one of today's "hot topics" this among other teenage mental health problems, has been brought to the forefront of public consciousness in recent years after several incidents involving school shootings (CQ 595). The environment that teens grow up in today is less supportive and more demanding than it was twenty years ago. Not only are the numbers of depressed teens rising, but children are also being diagnosed at younger and younger ages. Studies have found that, "There is an estimated 1.5-3 million American children and adolescents who suffer from depression, a condition unrecognized in children until about 20 years ago" (CQR 595). This increase in depression is due to social factors that teenagers have to deal with everyday. A recent study found that, "About five percent of teenagers have major depression at any one time. Depression can be very impairing, not only for the affected teen, but also for his or her family-and too often, if not addressed, depression can lead to substance abuse or more tragic events" (NAMI.org). Gender roles and other societal factors including the pressures on girls to look and act a certain way, the pressures on boys to suppress their emotions and put on a tough front and the pressures on both sexes to do well in school and succeed, all contribute to depression in teens today. Depression is a growing problem which crosses gender lines and one that needs to be dealt with with more than just medication.
Social problems include difficulties with family relationships, isolation, interpersonal conflicts, and pressures of social roles. The Latino culture tends to place a higher premium on the well-being of the family unit over that of any one family member, a concept termed familialism (Smith & Montilla, 2006). In general, familialism emphasizes interdependence and connectedness in the family, and often extends familial ties beyond the nuclear family (Falicov, 1998). Given these values, Latinos often describe depression in terms of social withdrawal and isolation (Letamendi, et al., 2013). Social roles also play an important role in mental health, traditional gender roles in particular are strongly enforced and can be a source of distress. In Latino culture, men and women are expected to fulfill the roles outlined in the traditions of Machismo and Marianismo respectively. Machismo indicates that the man is supposed to be strong and authoritative, while Marianismo designates the woman as the heart of the family both morally and emotionally (Dreby, 2006). Although there is little research on causal factors, adherence to these traditional gender roles can pose a psychological burden and has been found to be strong predictor of depression (Nuñez, et al., 2015). The centrality of social problems in the conceptualization of depression for Latinos may be reflective of the collectivistic values that are characteristic of the group. Although these values have the potential to contribute to depression, they also have the potential to serve as protective factors and promote mental health (Holleran & Waller, 2003). Therefore, it is imperative that the counselor carefully consider cultural values, both in terms of potential benefits and drawbacks, to provide appropriate counseling to the Latino
In other words, recent immigrants to the United States will experience a dip in their mental health, but will regain their mental health as the years go on. This model differs from the popular lifestyle model of acculturation, which implies a decline in physical health with acculturation. Interestingly, much of the research on this model of acculturation derives from studies of Hispanic immigrant populations in the United States, which potentially limits its applicability to other ethnic groups, such as Vietnamese immigrants (Salant & Lauderdale, 2003, p. 72). These theories provide the foundation for making sense of the data surrounding mental health in Vietnamese immigrant communities, and for understanding how post-migration factors play a role in depression and
The client stated that she came to therapy because she has been feeling really lonely and feeling as though that she is not enough since the death of her father. After the death of her father, her mother did not pay her any attention; she understood that her mother was grieving, especially when her grandfather passed a year later. I stated that the frequent death that surrounded her mother, seem to have caused her mother to distance herself from her. She responded “yes, and it even gotten worse when my mom started to date and eventually marry my stepfather”. She mentioned that once her little sister was born, she became jealous and envious. I emphasized with her by stating that she must have felt as though her little sister was going to take the attention that she sought from her mother. After confirming that her mother paid more attention to her sister and stepfather, she mentioned that during this time she began to cut herself in places that no one would notice. The pain did not take the feeling away, but she wanted to know that if she could still feel pain after the thought of losing everything. However, the only person who paid her any attention during this time, was her grandmother. Her grandmother showed her the love that her mother nor “father figure” never showed her. I stated, “the love that your grandmother showed was not the love you were
...ning a therapeutic relationship. Paraphrasing includes repeating the content that has been expressed in a different way, this method can provide the client of feeling important and recognized. Reflection of feelings/content involves identifying the feelings and/or content in what has been said (highlighting the key aspects of the story), again this method encourages for the patients to be validated and heard.
Depression in children is qualitatively different from depression in adults – these people are more at risk for more severe illnesses in adulthood, as well, which suggests that depression in young people has the potential to be particularly problematic. 60% of adolescents with depression will have recurrences in adulthood and also have a higher rate of suicide throughout their life (Clark, Jansen, & Cloy, 2012). The symptoms of childhood depression might be mistaken for normal mood swings as pertinent to changing developmental stages, and is often presented as irritability and negative attitudes. Diagnosis of depression in children is difficult for this reason, and therefore it must be stressed how careful one must be when diagnosing mental illness in children (“Depression”, 2014). Furthermore, there is a stigma against labeling a child as depressed, which might make it even harder to diagnose depression in children. An example of this is how clinicians might be quick to diagnose children with adjustment disorder (AD) than rather consider the possibility of diagnosing with one of the more serious and long-term depressive disorders. The nature of AD is that it is a ‘temporary’ psychological reaction to an identified stressor that involves impairment in social, occupational, or school functions. This reaction must occur within 3 months of encountering the stressor and cannot last for more than 6 months (Newcorn, J.H. & Strain, J, 1992). This is tied to the historical notion that children cannot be depressed, even as psychology as a field has evolved to acknowledge that children and adolescents can be depressed.
I really enjoyed taking this course, and I feel like I’ve learned a lot on the subject of adolescent psychology. I also enjoyed getting to read my classmates thoughts and opinions on the subjects that we covered over the duration of this course. I think this course gave me the opportunity to reflect on my adolescence and allowed me to see and understand it in a new light. I also feel that I have a better understanding of adolescence and why we make the choices we make during this time of our lives.
Edwards, L. M., & Lopez, S. J. (2006). Perceived family support, acculturation, and life satisfaction in mexican american youth: a mixed-methods exploration. Journal of counseling phychology, 279-285.
My specific task for the practicum was to develop a mental health component for Project RICE. I carried out my assignments under the supervision of a faculty member; Dr. Smith. Dr. Smith is a Professor of Applied Psychology. Dr. Smith conducts research on the impact of immigration, community contexts, individual differences, and racial minority status on the mental health of individuals and families.