The Reconstruction-era was crucial to the development of freedmen and of the social structure in the south; however the Republicans were not successful in all aspects. There were various factors that impeded the success of guaranteed rights to freedmen and to a functional social structure that people in the south would comply with. There were amendments, black codes, reconstruction acts, racial organizations, and many more difficulties that denied freedmen their rights and a working social structure for the southerners. After the Civil War was over and the Reconstruction-era began, changes were made such as the 13th amendment in 1865, which forbid slavery in the United States. Even though slavery was now prohibited, freed blacks were now left alone to struggle finding simple things like a roof to live in and a job to work for.
--pg 460 Nortan "In spite of its achievements, the Freedmen's Bureau did not solve the serious economic problems of African Americans. Most of them continued to live in poverty. They also suffered from racist threats and violence and from laws restricting their civil rights. All these problems cast a deep shadow over their new freedom." "Violence against African-Americans occurred from the first days of the Reconstruction…klansmen rode to frustrate Reconstruction and keep the freedman in subjection.
Blacks were subject to the culture that slavery instilled in them. They were also living in overcrowded areas were frustration led to violence. The media was aggravating already problematic situations. Finally the discriminatory court system failed to protect and serve the black people. The evidence clearly explains black violence.
The Americans of African and European Ancestry did not have a very good relationship during the Civil war. They were a major cause of the Civil War. But, did they fix or rebuild that relationship after the war from the years 1865 to 1900? My opinion would be no. I do not believe that the Americans of African and European ancestry successfully rebuilt their relationship right after the Civil war.
Around 1876, Jim Crow Laws came into effect and demonstrated a system of segregation which separated the blacks and whites, primarily in public facilit... ... middle of paper ... ...ivil Rights Movement, a large social movement, paved the way for changes in black freedom and how the blacks would be viewed. Many whites grew more hostile towards the African Americans because they had been granted their freedom. People who were once viewed as only a piece of property, now had rights under the law, making them equal to the people who once owned them. The Civil Rights Movement was a fight between both races to see who was the stronger race and if the whites would be able to maintain their power. The whites had everything under control until the blacks began to realize as a citizen, they had rights as well.
The death of Abe Lincoln proved harmful to the nation because the Congress and Johnson were not able to agree on a reconstruction plan and they had different opinions. The emancipation of slaves was a major milestone in the history of the United States, but it caused more problems than solutions in the beginning of reconstruction. In Congress it was obvious that if there were no laws governing the treatment of blacks, especially in the South, the blacks would be in danger of potential conflict and subjected to harm. The passing of the 14th amendment in Congress showed that the country was trying to protect their citizens. However, just because of the new amendment it was not going to be taken seriously by citizens because they did not change their beliefs.
The Black Codes of Mississippi and the views towards African Americans in the 19th century were the cause to the lack of freedom and respect given to the freedmen. Around the time of 1865, the United States of America was heading towards a paramount path of reconstruction for social and economic issues, such as slavery. As the country sprinted towards this movement, the leaders and upper class of the time skewed the ideas and morals of the new era. Carrying over the same leaders from pre-civil wartime left same concepts in place; the views towards blacks in the south did not change and until a later time, the leaders of the time made little progress to improve the blacks place in society. There were new laws put into place but they were not proactive to insure the freedom of freedmen.
Thus, the motives of racial based lynching and the crimes themselves affected people, legislature, and culture in the South for years to come. Part of the aftermath of lynching in the South was the psychological consequences on the rabbles involved. The entire culture of African Americans is marked by lynching because the root reason of why white mobs lynched Southern African Americans was skin pigmentation. This means the blacks were lynched based on ignorant intolerance; however, the supposed basis for the white southerners’ hatred is internalized by every black person in their skin color. In the words of Lee H. Butler, Jr., “Unlike a single traumatic event that has been experienced by one person, lynching is a trauma that has marked an entire culture and several generations because it spanned more than eight decades.” Specifically realizing the psychological effects of lynching on African Americans and those African Americans who have had family members lynched is important.
For instance, The Jim Crow was a system of laws and customs that enforced racial segregation and discrimination throughout the United States, especially in the South. The legislations were written and practiced as it was segregated against African Americans. There have been a lot of unfairness and discriminations throughout the years in America because of racism. Despite the existence of laws passing racism, there will always be the big controversy of racial issues between white Americans and African Americans, where the Whites are viewed as more superior in all areas like politics and businesses while the African Americans are looked down upon. What happened to all people should be treated equally?
There are many examples how the Jim Crow Laws affected African Americans; For instance, African Americans had separate schools, transportation, restrooms, and restaurants apart from white Americans. In 1865, the government provided protection for African Americans who were once slaves. The Jim Crow laws seemed unfair to African Americans, but even if they thought this, the Supreme Court couldn’t help them. As long as the laws were “separate but equal”, they were considered to be constitutional. Time passed and it seemed like African Americans learned to live with these laws, but that soon changed after the World War II occurrence.