Edgar Allan Poe’s haunting poems and morbid stories will be read by countless generations of people from many different countries, a fact which would have undoubtedly provided some source of comfort for this troubled, talented yet tormented man. His dark past continued to torture him until his own death. These torturous feelings were shown in many of his works. A tragic past, consisting of a lack of true parents and the death of his wife, made Edgar Allan Poe the famous writer he is today, but it also led to his demise and unpopularity.
“The Raven” by Edgar Allen Poe is a poem that was written during 1800-1850. It tells the story of a young man mourning over the loss of his love, Lenore. One night he was reading “forgotten lore” as a way to rid his mind of his lost love. But as he was reading, he heard a “rapping at his chamber's door” it first reveals nothing when he goes to investigate the noise. But when the noise arises again, he goes to check and it is a Raven, who just sits “On a bust of Pallas above the door”.
Edgar Allan Poe was born January 19, 1809 to a pair of “Itinerant actors, David Poe Jr. and Elizabeth Poe.” (Tilton 12). The Poe name was one of strong regard because of their strong hand in the revolutionary war (Tilton 12). In 1809, two years after his brother, Poe was born (Tilton 13). This family wouldn’t remain untied long, before Edgar turned one his father disappeared (Padgett 20). This event left his mother, Elizabeth Poe, in great poverty (Tilton 13). With the birth of Poe’s younger sister came even more financial struggle for Poe’s family (Tilton 13). Although Elizabeth’s acting ability continued to amaze audiences, her pay was not adequate to support her children. On December 8, 1811 Elizabeth passed away due to a vigorous case of tuberculosis (Padgett 23).
Poe knew one author he held in especially high regards. “Mr. Allan would rear Poe to be a businessman and a Virginia gentleman, but Poe had dreams of being a writer in emulation of his childhood hero the British poet Lord Byron” (Poe’s Life”). Despite his father’s wishes, he admired the works of his youth’s inspiration, Lord George Byron, and aspired to become a writer like him. During his time as a writer, he met a woman named Nancy Richmond, a fellow author. “His idealized and platonic love of her inspired some of his greatest poetry, including ‘For Annie’” (“Poe’s Life”). Nancy Richmond was able to influence Poe’s writings due to his love for her. However, she was not the only woman to impact his publications, Poe has been influenced by many women- many of whom were dead. “One of Poe’s biggest fears was female abandonment. Through either death or estrangement, he lost almost every woman in his life, and his creation of some of the most distinctive female characters in fiction can be seen as attempts to reanimate those lost women” (“The Supernatural Psychology of Edgar Allan Poe”). Poe’s fear of female abandonment was prominently displayed in his writings, shown by the constant female deaths in his works. When his wife, Virginia, passed away “Poe was devastated, and unable to write for months” (“Poe’s Life”). He suffered a mental breakdown due to his wife’s passing, which would later influence his writings. The persistent deaths and estrangements of the women in his life led him to be fascinated with tragedy and horror. “Poe’s emotional constitution and life beset by tragedy fostered that would earn him a place among the greatest of the Romantic and Gothic writers. Broody and prone to fits of melancholy, Poe had a natural predilection for dramatic themes of lost love and tragic illness...Poe’s fascination with the macabre led him to
Poe said “The angels, not half so happy in Heaven, went envying her and me,” and “Nor the demons down under the sea, can ever dissever my soul from the soul of the beautiful Annabel Lee.” The sad mood in “Annabel Lee” and the suspenseful mood in “ The Raven” make Poe a master at creating a specific feeling in his readers. This is another reason why Poe is still famous today.
Image a family. Now imagine the parents divorcing and never see the father again. Then imagine the mother dying and leaving three kids behind. All of which get taken in by someone. The two year old is given to a family, with a loving mother and caring father. Edgar Alan Poe did not have to imagine this, this was his childhood. Poe’s difficult youth was a heavy contributor to his perspective that pain is beautiful. Poe illustrates many things in “The Raven”, one of his most well-known pieces. “The Raven” is about a depressed man who lost his lover Lenore. The speaker states “’Tis the wind and nothing more!” (Line 36) in his delusional state to help himself cope with his loss. In “The Raven” Poe uses irony and complex diction. This helps Poe create his theme of the human tendency to lie to one self to feel better.
From the very dawning of his existence, Edgar Allan Poe lived a life of hardship; a quality which was reflected in his writings. Poe was born the son of a pair of traveling actors. His father, David, was at best a mediocre actor who soon deserted his wife and son. His mother Elizabeth, on the contrary, was a charming woman and talented actress. His life, no doubt, would have been much different were it not for the fact that she died of tuberculosis in 1811 when Poe was not quite three. This event scarred him for life, for he would always remember "his mother vomiting blood and being carried away from him forever by sinister men dressed in black." (Asselineau, 409).
Edgar Allan Poe, “the father of the detective story” (“Edgar Allan Poe Biography”), was an American author and critic in the 1800’s. Unlike other authors of his time, Poe wrote depressing and morbid stories. Poe had a difficult life, which was shown in various works of his. Poe’s tragedies started when he was a toddler. Poe was an orphan, along with his older brother and infant sister. Sadly, Poe and his siblings were separated when they were toddlers. Unfortunately, Poe had an upbringing of death; his life was greatly affected by tuberculosis. In the 1800’s, tuberculosis killed 10,000 people per day (Baudelaire), among these people were Poe’s loved ones. Poe’s birth mother, Elizabeth; his foster mother, Frances; his brother, Henry; and his wife, Virginia died
He had sorrow for a woman that shined like a light and was an unmarried virgin named Lenore (Eddings). The narrator was always in a very lonely state of mind (Poe, “Raven”). He always wanted someone to talk to about the woman named Lenore (Poe, “Raven”). The narrator never left his house (Poe, “Raven”). He sat there all alone all day just thinking about this woman named Lenore (Poe, “Raven”). The bird sat up on top of that door every day just saying the word nevermore (Poe, “Raven”).
“The Raven”, is one of Edgar Allan Poe’s best known poems from the 1800’s. Edgar Allan Poe’s, “The Raven”, was first published in January of 1845. Edgar Allan Poe’s poem, “The Raven”, has been and will continue to be surrounded by legend and controversy. For, “The Raven”, Edgar Allan Poe was inspired by a talking raven in a novel by Charles Dickens. The raven was a minor character in Charles Dickens book called, “Barnaby Rudge”, which in fact Edgar Allan Poe reviewed and criticized. Four years later Edgar Allan Poe went on to write the poem, “The Raven”.