The liberal mission tries to set a structure for a civilised process of how a political system should progress to the point of bringing the best out of individuals, society and states. It is a theory that seeks to provide a framework to guide state action which argues that you will more likely guide. It is the only philosophy sceptical of power and the dangers i... ... middle of paper ... ...chance of the state going to war as law is based on a constitution by consent of the people. Liberals optimists call this process the ‘expanding zone of peace’. China government not only needs a democracy maintain its influence but also to sustain its enormous economy performance which rests on the process of courts and the rule of law.
Liberal school of thought is of the view that by encouraging China’s development, China will eventually adopt Western-style democratic liberalism, greatly limiting the potential for conflict. On the other hand, according to realist school of thought advocates that the United States should adopt an aggressive policy of containment. China’s growing power, it contends, is a major threat to American hegemony. The United States must adopt a multifaceted strategy of strengthening its relationship with the Peoples Republic... ... middle of paper ... ...ne its Communist government and eventually replace it with a democratic one. It also believes the U.S. is a declining superpower that continues to lose political, economic, and military influence around the world.
is more closing and China will be more capable power to take the role. And U.S. can not constrained power any longer especially after Iraq war, they lost a lot of money and more. From Waltzian neorealist perspectives here is the main problems between China- U.S. relation. First, the balance of power by arguing that true security can only be found atop the international system and that states will not be satisfied until they reach that point. From Waltz, his opinion is the world should be divide to bipolar so, this polar can decrease possibility of war because when two countries hold the great power and can avoid and concerned more about the effect if they make a war.
Case in point, China’s continued rise might begin to foster the idea of neo-Bismarckism and world hegemony. With a continued alliance with Russia and North Korea and a reduced U.S. military, it will be easy to accomplish world-dominance over the long run. If China keeps licking its fingers from their “sweet super-power emergence” it could be a matter of time before a new leader comes along with a new vision and ideology to divide and conquer. World supremacy is addictive in itself. Therefore, the U.S. and its regional allies should contain and restrain China to maintain Asia’s stability before it becomes too powerful to curtail.
To do this they must have military power as well as economic power. China still wants to be the ‘middle-kingdom’ and the top leaders know this will take giving up short-run concessions in order to gain long-run supremacy. China will be hurt in the short-run by increasing its economic interdependence. The removal of certain tariffs and regulations will open up the Chinese market to outside competition. Government owned companies that were losing money will not survive with out drastic changes.
Liberalism and Globalization For the most part, liberalism is a reaction to the realist issue of insurgency. Realists contend that security quandary will result if there is no central control in a revolutionary system. In the end, an offset of power might be unavoidable. Liberalists, then again, are idealistic and contend that there is potential concordance of interest between states, and cooperation are conceivable so common additions could be attained. This is dependent upon the essential suspicion that all states are levelheaded and comprehend their interest.
Others argue that powers such as China will work within the liberal economic system rather than attempting to replace it. This paper will argue that the international order will remain the dominant order, if the economic and political interests such as trade and military; as well as the social purposes, of national unity and the holding of liberal ideals, for the major economic powers are congruent. Key Components of Hegemonic Stability Theory The fundamental idea of Hegemonic Stability Theory (HST) is that the existence of a dominant liberal power is a necessary condition for the full development of a world market economy (Gilpin 86). Particularly it argues that a liberal economic order would not be able to flourish and reach its full development without a hegemonic power (Gilpin 72). Such a hegemon will serve to coordinate and discipline other countries so that each could feel secure opening its markets (cite).
Therefore, in contrast, realists are pessimists. The progressive forces that liberal practitioners perceive that the world will incontrovertibly set higher levels of peace and prosperity. On the other hand, realists hold a perception that the laws of nature compel towards a form of struggle for power and survival. In reference to the conditions of the anarchy, the high level of material power, military strength can be used to a countries advantage by shaping the patterns of an on going relationship between two or more countries. The relationship between China and the United States grasps onto an unprecedented issue that focuses on the implementations of security, trade and broader economic issues, towards human rights and the environment.
I... ... middle of paper ... ...et (Cohn, 2008, p. 57). But it becomes, after certain level of progress, the nature of states that they exert a behavior which is not accepting any other hegemonic state dictating others and this is also, sometimes, hard to swallow for the existing hegemonic states to see declining its powers. And it happened when U.S. credibility as an economic super power is being questioned after current economic crises where China appeared on the globe with much more strong basis than predicted. Thus, if there are more than one power dominating the markets then this competing environment would stabilize the market more strongly. Realistic approach to the relative gains also diminishes in this case where China continuously worked for its absolute gains….
On the other hand, hard-core realists predict that since China’s economy is on the rise, and United States economy is declining, it may create conflict. During World War I, a war occurred between England, a declining dominant hegemony, and Germany, a dissatisfied challenger on the rise (Wong, The Rise of Great Powers, Nov.18). However, war will not spark between China and... ... middle of paper ... ...lict. Neighboring countries will want to maximize their own revenues and in order to do so, they will set their own prices for goods and services. In conclusion, economic integration and economic globalization help reduce the probability of interstate belligerency because war negatively impacts the markets and investments, post World War reconstruction helps build stronger economies and lastly, countries would rather focus on specialization than war.