When a black man in Maycomb is accused of rape, the town thinks he is guilty; there is no physical evidence that a rape ever occurred, but Tom is still sent to jail to wait for his trial. Racism towards Tom Robinson in Maycomb county causes disputes on his case, and causes talk to go around about the man who is defending him, Atticus Finch. To begin with, Jem and Scout’s father, Atticus, was Tom Robinson’s lawyer. Since Atticus was white and defending a black man, some of Atticus’s friends and neighbors turned against him and his family. Jem and Scout were treated with disrespect by Maycomb citizens everywhere they went because of their father’s decision to defend Tom.
People said that he existed but jem and I had never seen him". " There are four kinds of folks in this world", Blacks, Ewells, Cunningham's, and the finches and the neighbors. Miss Caroline says to scout that, " your father does not know how to teach". That is discrimination by just guessing that scouts dad doesn't know how to be a teacher. Tom Robinson knew that he was innocent and so did Atticus but ... ... middle of paper ... ... a very hard job because most of the people in maycomb county and the county's all believe that blacks are bad and they should be punished for their race.
He gave details how slaveholders first remove a child from his immediate family, and how that destroys a child’s support network and sense of personal history. Douglass never knew a lot about himself, including how old he was. The white children were able to tell their a... ... middle of paper ... ...he evils of slavery. Freedom to Frederick Douglass means a place where you are not scared of being taken into bondage. He didn’t believe anywhere in the United States is free because there is always the chance that a black man can be taken back into slavery because of the Fugitive Slave Laws.
When the Constitution was created the writers believed that all men should be created equal. Not until almost a hundred years later were African Americans freed from slavery. Even after they had been granted citizenship, African Americans were treated unfairly and unequally. Roughly, another hundred years later, African Americans were still blamed for people's problems and were persecuted. In the Southern United States, people were still unwilling to fully accept African Americans in their society and this shows in "To Kill A Mockingbird" because of the attitudes portrayed during Tom Robinson’s trial.
Since the majority of blacks grandfathers did not vote and was not even free, free blacks in the south were denied the right to vote. Free blacks were now being denied any privilege that non slaves (whites) already had. Their "freedom" was only from slavery, now they realized that they were still a slave to the world. Also during this time blacks were being discriminated against and the lynchings of blacks were occurring. Blacks were becoming endangered and feared for their lives.
However, in the two novels, racism played a crucial role in determining their fate. They society had convicted them guilty even before trial because of their race. Many people in the world have experienced unfair treatment because of their race. Discriminating people against their skin color is an ordinary thing in communities. The writers reveal to an audience how the black men could not access justice because of their race (Wright, 2010, p. 3).
Retaliation and reaction by the system that helped create Black Rage was common. The Black Panther’s Party, one of the most significant symbols of Black Rage was undermined by the Federal government. The social phenomena of the Black Communities are quite different from other ethnic communities. Black communities are different because black people had little or no control over their location. In most cases black communities were a result of economics; black people created comm... ... middle of paper ... ...y rather than call the police when a fight or some other disturbance occurred would deal with the situation themselves.
Often, they lost their jobs or were thrown off their farms” (Voting Rights for Blacks and Poor Whites in the Jim Crow South 1). This clearly affected their right to vote because it scared them away from the poles. In addition to this, they were given literacy tests and property tests. If they were deemed illiterate, they were unable to vote (Voting Rights for Blacks and Poor Whites in the Jim Crow South 1). This was especially unfair because even if the black citizen could understand what was being said to them, the administrator of the test would say that they couldn 't in order to prevent them from voting (Voting Rights for Blacks and Poor Whites in the Jim Crow South 1).
She first presented her insights with an elaborate historical background of how, a century later, the Jim Crow Laws are still present in our society. Alexander introduces us to the Cotton family who were denied their right to participate in the American electoral democracy on not only one or two occasion, but on several occasions. Alexander suggests that this denial is a generational wrong by the government, as she highlights the injustices that the Cotton family encountered as black individuals born in the United States. Jarvious Cotton’s great-great-grandfather could not vote because he was a slave. His great-grandfather was beaten to death by the Ku Klux Klan for attempting to vote.
Indeed the North did win the Civil war with many of their advantages but the lives lost to help the African Americans gain freedom all went in vain. All the Northern efforts to gain a “new birth of freedom” went in useless. This was all due the Southerns, who passed laws and bills to limit African Americans’ freedom and the right of voting. This included the Black Codes, the Poll Taxes, the Literacy Tests, the Grandfather Clause, and the Jim Crow Laws, which stated, “separate but equal”. By the 1880s, the South had defeated the weakened Northern effort to help and African American and had re-enslaved the African American.