After Coronado’s fruitless search of the seven cities of gold, Juan de Oñate in 1598 was awarded a contract for the colonization of New Mexico. The arrival of Juan de Onate and the Spanish entourage brought confusion and chaos into Pueblo society. The competing interest of the Spanish civil authorities and the Franciscans resulted in the continued mistreatment of the Pueblos, which eventually culminated in the Pueblo revolt of 1680. This revolt brought rapid social change for the Pueblos Indians. The political policies and beliefs that shaped the historical background helps one to understand the causes of the Pueblo Revolt.
However, the Church during the Age of Discovery was still a major influence. The discovery of the New World and its previously unknown inhabitants presented new problems in the Catholic Church in the late 14th and early 15th century. When Spain's rulers and emissaries decided to physically conquer and populate the New World, and not just trade with it, the transplantation of Christian institutions followed. The church established contact with the New World, and made it a goal to establish the Catholic doctrines among the native population there. The Catholic Church and the Spanish monarch, however, looked upon the native population in the New World as souls to be saved.
The Indians were given as a reward to the Conquistadors for helping the Spanish king in conquering Latin American. Although, Father Las Casas wrote about these historical events, we must also state that the events he wrote could be exaggeration on his part in trying to save the Indians from the Spaniards cruelty and brutality.
The letter was written in a very deceitful manner to make it so the king and queen would continue to fund Columbus and his expedition as long as he continued making achievements for Spain. Upon his arrival, Columbus talks much of the land the Spaniards have conquered in the name of Spain. In the letter, he also talks about how the Indies were inhabited by a great number of people. Columbus describes the people as, “hopelessly timid, unsuspicious, generous, and very accepting.”1 The indigenous people were accepting of the conversion to Christianity. The justification of Christianity was used for Columbus’ expedition, while the territory and resources were the byproduct.
The crusades affected Christian Medieval Europe on every fiber, but were the Christians crusades motivated by religious factors or by bloodlust and plunder? There is no question that the crusades have been motivated by religious factors. History tells us that the Christians wanted to send pilgrims and take back the Holy Land from the Moslems (p. 102). The papacy told everyone in Europe that if they fought and reclaimed the Holy Land they would receive an indulgence, which would wash away some of or all of a sin (p. 104). In this way the papacy would lure people to join the quest to retake the Holy Land.
A Reduction is a mission town set up by Jesuit missionaries. The Jesuit Reduction started in the 16th century and was an idea of making missions for the native people of Central and South America to reduce the spread of the native population. This Reduction was started by the Spanish government the help Christianize, tax, and govern them also this made it easier for Spain to use the natives they captured as slaves to the crown. The Spanish government at this time was one of the global superpowers they had a lot of control until their lands got too cumbersome to handle. The area that was most influenced by these Reductions was modern day Paraguay in the tribe of the Tupi-Guarani (as seen in the movie “The Mission”) and later spread further south to places like Argentina, Brazil, and Bolivia.
This is the cause of the racist and social Darwinist undertones in the documents. First, Europeans use religion as a justification for colonization. This has been used many times before, specifically when Spain colonized Latin and South America. In Document 6, Mr. Patton notes that some islands in the Pacific are Christianizing, and Britain ought to encourage that. Countries in Europe felt that it was their obligation to expose indigenous people to their religious system because it would give them salvation.
Overall the natives felt that these foreigners were being invasive and didn’t like that they had to convert and get rid of their gods and traditions. The Spanish and French push for conversion among the Native Americas was a major mark in early American history. The missionaries came to convert the pagan Indians and bring to them the laws of Jesus Christ. Some of the missionaries had success and others had the very opposite, which lead to war. Some natives were eventually accepting of the French and Spanish and some were not.
Furthermore, after the re-conquest of Grenada, the men of Spain still had a frontier mentality that carried over to the New World . As Spain used the plantations on the Az... ... middle of paper ... ...t from being able to openly worship and escape persecution as they belonged to minority religious groups. The combination of push and pull factors allowed for immigrants of the Holy Roman Empire to help the already established colonies of the New World. Through examining the series of events that occurred in Spain, England, and the Holy Roman Empire, there is a better understanding of the colonization of the New World. Spain began the exploration of the world that was unknown to them and took advantage of it.
The French and Spanish were heavily influenced by Catholicism. Both colonies had established missions across the New World in hopes of converting Indians to Catholicism. The Spanish colonists were especially determined to establish missions and convert Indians in their territories as a response to the kingdoms of Aragon and Castile seeking to “transform their own pluralistic societies into a purely Christian kingdom (Butler 28). The Spanish were also heavily influenced by religion due to the Crusades in the Old World as well being motivated by “gold, God, and glory” for voyaging into the New World. The role of religion in Spanish society extended out towards how they governed their colonies as the Catholic populations were under control of both the monarchy and the Vatican.