The Psychological Analysis Of Sigmund Freud's Psychoanalytic Theory

1237 Words5 Pages
“Unsatisfied wishes are the driving power behind fantasies; every separate fantasy contains the fulfillment of a wish, and improves an unsatisfactory reality” (Sigmund freud, 1908)

“what is necessary to change a person is to change his awareness of himself” (Abraham Maslow, 1954)

Psychoanalytic theory produces an explanation to our behavior in terms of interaction of the various components of personality, Founded and established by Sigmund Freud, 1856 (Lahey, 2009; Larsen & Buss, 2012). In his theory, instinctual forces are the notion human nature relied on. He stated that the instinctual force is what motivates people and gives people motivation to do or not to do something. Freud stated the strong forces provide all the energy, he related
…show more content…
The psychoanalytic model is able to provide believable explanations for the causes of abnormality e.g childhood tramas, but it lacks empirical research evidence needed to support his theory (Wilding, 2010). Freud based his ideas mainly on his own subjective analysis of middle class Viennese women. Freud studied a group of largely middle-class Viennese women aged between 20 and 44 years, all of whom had serious emotional problems, and so his sample cannot reliably generalise to the general population. He also only studied one child (Little Hans) when developing his theory of psychosexual development, and even then he only corresponded with the boy 's father by letter (Wilding,…show more content…
If one looks a Freuds theory personality is shaped as an individual passes through a series of stages from being an infant to adulthood (Mcleod, 2008). These five stages are known as ‘Psychosexual Development’. Through each of these stages the personality is shaped and formed, the different stages are oral, anal, phallic, latent and genital (R. Gross, 2015). If these stages are not resolved or completed a fixation may occur, which can be detrimental to the development of an individual’s personality (Lahey,
Open Document