Many people over the course of the 16th century noticed the corruption and took a stand against the church and its views. One of the many people who challenged the church was John Wycliffe. Wycliffe was a Catholic man who opposed the teachings of the church. People didn’t like him because of what he taught. He believed that the Bible has more authority than the Church.
Luther knew that the Catholic Church was distorted; he believed that the sale of indulgences, in particular, was the major source of corruption. In response, Luther nailed on the door of the Wittenberg Church a placard with 95 theses, or statements, criticizing the sale of indulgences and attacking other church policies. He also published hundred of essays advocating his idea that a person could be made just, or good, simply by faith in God’s mercy and love. Luther’s idea became known as justification by faith. Consequently, Luther was excommunicated from the Church for refusing to withdraw his teachings and criticisms of the Church.
Throughout the Middle Ages, the Church had gradually become weaker because of abusive leadership, philosophical heresy, and a renewal of a form of the Pelagian heresy. The Church had not been blind in its need for reform. Many of the leaders had encouraged Pope Julius II to call a council. In 1512, he called the Fifth Lateran Council. The popes had become skittish about calling ecumenical councils because of the heresy of Conciliarism.
The various views expressed through the primary documents explored in this analysis demonstrate the conflicting and complex nature of religion and humanity and how individuals attempt to reconcile the two in their truest forms. Faithful members of the Catholic church such as Desiderius Erasmus criticized the temporal practices of the church and its members. Erasmus took issue with the theologians believing them to be a “race of men...incredibly arrogant and touchy.”1 He was disgusted with the use of power by the e... ... middle of paper ... ...gs/LutherPAPALetal.htm (accessed October 10, 2011). 10 Luther. 11 Luther.
The Roman Catholic Church began to realize they were in trouble, because Martin Luther’s mission to expose the church 's . He said what many people within the church were thinking. The Roman Catholic Church’s faults became impossible to hide and they struggled to keep members. Overall, Martin Luther pointed out the faults of the church and then explained what he believes; he created a movement to end the corruption of the Catholic Church. His belief of having a relationship with god versus developing a relationship with God through a priest made people feel that they could have control over their religious beliefs.
During the Middle Ages, a common monk questioned the authority of the leaders in the Roman Catholic Church. This doubt brought about what is today known as the Protestant Reformation. Martin Luther was a prominent Christian theologian born November 10, 1483 in Eisleben, Germany. He is most famously known for his fallout with the Catholic Church over the sale of indulgences in the church. He also was in disagreement over the questions, “How one is saved and enters heaven?” and “Who is the highest authority in Christianity?” Revered as one of the most powerful and controversial figures in the Reformation Movement, Martin Luther’s actions caused corruption within the Roman Catholic Church therefore causing it to change some of their practices.
It has been argued that the pre-reformation church was a corrupt and failing institution and therefore Henry had to totally overthrow the running of the church and appoint himself as the Supreme Head in order to reform church practice. Traditionally many historians have argued that the people of the early sixteenth century agreed with Henry in his decision because the church in England was a deeply unpopular institution. Anti-clericalism according to this line of argument was widespread. As G R Elton puts it, "People in England thought little of Priests". The clergy were widely despised.
The Existence of Abuses in the Roman Catholic Church During the Age of Reformation people were greatly against the abuses that existed in the Roman Catholic Church. A couple of abuses that were greatly stressed were the selling of indulgences, simony, and nepotism. It was some of these same abuses that prompted German reformist Martin Luther to write his 95 Theses. And for the Council of Trent to later address them in a series of meetings. The most criticized abuse of the Roman Catholic Church was the selling of indulgences by the pope.
During the 16th Century there was a religious revolution in Christianity throughout Europe. Martin Luther, a German monk, revolted against the Church because of what he saw as hypocrisy of the Catholic clergy and authority against Biblical beliefs. This was counter acted by the Catholic Church in an internal, peaceful and reform minded Catholic Reformation and by a conflicting and fighting Counter- Reformation to stop the spread of his teachings. Martin Luther believed the Clergy’s blatant disregard of duties and rules and the selling of indulgences justified his revolt while the Catholic Church disagreed both internally reforming the Church though rules and regulations and by counteracting and fighting though enforcement to stop it. Martin Luther revolted against the Catholic Church because of what he saw as hypocrisy of the authorities and clergy with their disregard of duties and rules which was against Biblical beliefs.
The Protestant Reformation Many ideas of the Renaissance like humanism, individualism and secularism stimulated a strong critique of the church´s policy and the clergy´s behaviour. Many people regarded it as a scandal that the catholic church sold indulgences. Indulgences were documents, stamped by the church which could reduce your sins. People who bought indulgences believed that this document could pave their way to heaven. In northern Germany they went so far that they even sold indulgences which could reduce the sins which you are going to commit in the future.