Society has high expectations for criminal justice. Controlling the behavior of people is a difficult task, and there are several differing opinions on how this should happen. Many believe this can best accomplished by prevention through deterrence. Deterrence can be achieved from increased police patrols, good relationships with the community, and through tough penalties for convicted criminals. When deterrence fails, criminals need to be identified and held accountable for their actions.
What makes a criminal a criminal? Can anyone become a criminal? Answering and understanding these questions is the core work of criminologists as most criminologists attempt to make sense of why people do certain things (Garland, Sparks 2000). This essay will consider the notion that any person could become a criminal and in so doing consider the initial question. This essay will outline a range of theories that attempt to describe human behavior in relation to criminal behavior given the complexities of behaviour.
According to Fintzy (2000), it requires diligence, brainpower and the ability to query assumptions and presumptions. Thus a normal police officer would be confused when left to decipher the cause of a particular crime and would appear completely subdued if told to deduce the profile of the possible criminal. Criminal profiling itself as a process of deciphering criminals and their actions, began in 1969 and was advanced by the FBI (Turvey, 1997). According to many psychological experts on crime scenes, the scene of crime should and will always tell of the offender’s psychological disp... ... middle of paper ... ...i/content/full/157/9/1532 Muller, A. Damon. (2000).
Within the so... ... middle of paper ... ...e/2007/04/22/AR200704 Van Gelder, J. (2013). Beyond Rational Choice: the Hot/Cool Perspective of Criminal Decision Making. Psychology, Crime & Law, 19(9), 745-763.doi:10.1080/1068316X.2012.660153 Violent Crime. (2013, June 20).
“In Merton’s view, A... ... middle of paper ... ...es. Works Cited Paternoster, Raymond and Ronet Bachman. 2001. “Introduction to Anomie/Strain Theories of Crime” in Paternoster and Bachman (Eds.) Explaining Criminals and Crime.
Learning about the criminal and victims relationships and bystander response has helped me to expand my knowledge regarding this subject. The relationship between victims and criminals is tense. There has been many debates from each side’s point of view. Some people say that by having relationships with offenders will make you a criminal as well. Bystander plays an important role when trying to solve crimes.
Criminal profiling has become a very popular and controversial topic. Profiling is used in many different ways to identify a suspect or offender in a criminal investigation. “Criminal profiling is the process of using behavioral and scientific evidence left at a crime scene to make inferences about the offender, including inferences about personality characteristics and psychopathology” (Torres, Boccaccini, & Miller, 2006, p. 51). “The science of profiling rests on two foundation blocks, basic forensic science and empirical behavioral research. Forensic science includes blood spatter analysis, crime scene reconstruction, and autopsy evidence.
In evaluating its effect on popular perceptions of crime it becomes important to consider where most of the information comes from and how representative it is on actual criminality. If it takes "facts" (the truth, the actual event, a real thing) or if it is heightened to a crime myth. With a myth being based upon "exaggeration" or heightening of "ordinary" events in life. Crime myths become a convenient mortar to fill gaps in knowledge and to provide answers to question social science either cannot answer or has failed to address. Myths tend to provide the necessary information for the construction of a "social reality of crime (Quinney, 1970)."
Print. Tittle, Charles R., David A. Ward, and Harold G. Grasmick. "Self-Control and Crime/Deviance: Cognitive vs. Behavioral Measures." Journal of Quantitative Criminology 19.4 (2003): 333-65.
The analytical unit will also have the ability to manage, allocate and deploy their resources to be able to stop as much criminal activity as possible. This will be done by providing an expedient and accurate conveyance of the analytical data collected. The role of an analyst has a misconception of being a statistician even though statistics do play a role in crime analysis, it is merely one role. Most law enforcement agencies either do not know how to justify having a crime scene analyst or do not have the funds to hire one. As long as you have some type of criminal justice background and are able to think outside the box you have the potential of being an analyst.