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The Pros and Cons of Genetically Modifying Food

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The genetic modification of food is a very controversial subject around the world founded by Monsanto, a company involved in agricultural technology, in the 1980’s (Wikipedia). Since then, many other companies have also started to modify their food to avoid using pesticides. I define genetically modified foods (or GM foods) as foods produced from organisms that have had specific changes introduced into their DNA using the methods of genetic engineering (Wikipedia). There are many different views concerning GMOs and I will explore the ideological and ethical arguments associated with this subject. I will also analyse the global and national perspectives as well as my own, investigating what factors affect the decision of nations or individuals on whether GMOs are enriching or detrimental to health.

Veganism is a “type of vegetarian diet that excludes meat, eggs, dairy products and all other animal-derived ingredients” (Hackett). Interviewing someone who followed veganism but became vegetarian, I found out that vegans don’t support GMOs. They “like to eat as close to nature as possible” and believe that genetic engineering is altering nature”. This is why vegans don’t eat meat because animals are fed GMOs such as corn and soy just to make them fatten up faster despite detrimental health issues associated with these unnatural diets. Vegans believe that the modification “turns the whole plant itself into a pesticide, literally” which can cause severe allergies, organ failure, hormone imbalances, weight gain, behavioral and developmental issues, “to name a few” (Ettinger). As there are so many side effects due to eating GMOs, vegans take the choice to steer away from any such problems that can occur. When they buy fruits and vegetab...

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