The Pros And Consequences Of Human Migration

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Any any given time, an estimate of 2.5 million individuals are in one or more forms of forced labour, including sexual exploitation. While, the majority of victims are typically 18-24 years of age, 1.2 million children are trafficked every year. Moreover, victims are trafficked from 127 countries and exploited in 137 (Chibba, 2014). Thus, these alarming statistics illustrate contemporary society and how millions of individuals are in search of better lives around the world. Accordingly, some individuals migrate by choice, while, some out of necessity, or some though forced migration. as a result of poverty, conflict and or disasters. Thus, those who are forced to migrate are vulnerable and at risk of being tricked, kidnapped
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First, human trafficking involves an act of recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of a person through a use of force, coercion or other means, for the purpose of exploiting them (United Nations). Comparatively, migration refers to “a population movement, encompassing any kind of movement of people whatever its length, composition and causes; it includes migration of refugees, displaced persons, economic migrant and persons moving for other purposes” (IOM, 2013). People may, or not migrate due to a myriad of circumstances which may include economic facts, demographics, and or political…show more content…
That being said, smuggling by definition does not require an element of exploitation or coercion nor does it violate human rights, as human trafficking does (Chibba, 2014). However, in these particularly vulnerable situations, smuggled individuals can be exploited and put in egregious circumstances. While it is heavily debated, an exploited smuggled individual could be considered trafficked more so if it the actions violated their human rights (Chibba,
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