The Pros And Cons Of The Square Deal

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Beginning with the birth of the twentieth century, the United States was in a dilemma. America needed amelioration; the country had a tremendous amount of potential but was unable to put forth the necessary actions without the correct guidance. It was vital that the United States was pointed in the right direction or more problems would occur. America required political reform and the elimination of corruption caused by the government, thus, the time prevailed for the Progressive Presidents. The first progressive president was Republican Theodore Roosevelt. Teddy was already well-known for his heroic actions in the Spanish-American War by leading the “Rough Riders” and his belief on Foreign Policy of “speaking softly and carrying a big stick”.…show more content…
The Square Deal was imposed on three essential ideas, known as the 3 C’s: control of corporations, consumer protection, and conservation. Roosevelt strived to make certain that corporations wouldn’t have complete control over their workers; the corporations needed to offer protection and basic rights to their workers. Although, corporations wished to stay cheap and maximize their profits, Roosevelt wouldn’t stand for it and forced changes using his “big stick”. This lead to Roosevelt’s reputation of being a “trust buster”, ignoring the fact that Taft and Wilson actually disbanded more trusts. Roosevelt’s second element of the square deal was consumer protection. Roosevelt’s first matter was involved with the regulation of food and drugs that were available to the public. Roosevelt read a book by Upton Sinclair, known as “The Jungle” which exposed Chicago’s slaughterhouse industry. As a result, Roosevelt influenced the passage of the Meat Inspection Act and the Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906. The passing of these acts helped prevent the adulteration and the mislabeling…show more content…
William Taft was picked by his successor, Roosevelt. Taft, the secretary of war was chosen as the Republican candidate for 1908. Taft easily defeated the other candidates thanks to Roosevelt’s “good words”. However, Taft did not live up to Roosevelt’s expectations. He lacked the strength of personality and cared more about his dealings with congress. In fact, Taft didn’t share the same progressive ideas and polices that Roosevelt backed. The first major catastrophe to the Progressives that occurred during Taft’s presidency was the Payne-Aldrich Tariff of 1909. Taft called on Congress to address what many people thought of as excessive tariffs. After which the House of Representatives passed a bill that slightly restricted tariffs, but their legislation was strictly modified when it arrived to the Senate. Taft signed the bill and stated that it was “the best bill that the Republican Party ever passed.” This astounded and confused the Progressives and began the internal struggle for the command of the Republican Party. Another issue was Taft’s conservation problems. Taft was a conservationist much like Roosevelt but a large chunk of his work was undone by the Ballinager-Pinchot dispute. This was where Pinchot the leader of the Department of Forestry attacked Secretary of the Interior, Ballianger, for his handling of public lands. Furthermore, Ballinager opened up millions of acres for public use which angered Pinchot, in

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