For example, if a woman is able to enter a job traditionally for men, she will still not receive the same pay or experience the same increase in occupational ability. Gender typing plays a huge role in the workplace. It is the idea that women tend to hold jobs that are low paid with low status. Women are not highly considered in leadership positions because of social construction of gender. Society has given women the role of “caretakers” and sensitive individuals.
Close to 60% of children in the united states, who are living in a single mother family are impoverished. However, only 11% of two parent families are in poverty. This is very important because there are close to approximately 10,000,000 single mother families in the united states, and if 60% of those are in poverty, then close to 6,000,000 families are in poverty in the U.S. because they have a single mother. This is an issue because that is a lot of people living in poverty. If women don't get paid enough because of their lower paying jobs and the wage gap, then it is almost impossible to raise children while being a single mother.
However women earn less than men in almost every single field according to Bryce Covert. (Covert, 2014) Firstly, women earn less than men for doing jobs of equal value, one of the main reasons is because the competence of women is undervalued compared to men. Jobs that require both genders to do the same work possess the same skill, qualifications, and experiences are the ones who pay poorly when women ruled. For instance, the mainly female teaching profession usually earns less than the mainly male principals involved in administration. Another reason is because of segregation in the labor market.
It clearly demonstrates that men and women are getting treated differently. If both men and women are taking the same job and working at the same hour and having the same experience. What makes that women should take a lower pay than men when women are also giving all those hard work in the same job? The only answer to that question is that there is gender inequality. There are also other examples of gender inequality that occur around the world.
One cannot begin the discussion of gender pay gap without defining it. Simply put, gender pay gap is the inequality between men and women wages. Gender pay gap is a constant international problem, in which women are paid, on average, less than that of their male counterpart. As to if gender pay gap still exist, its exactness fluctuates depending on numerous factors such as professional status, country and regional location, gender, and age. In regards to gender, in some cases, both men and women have stated that the gap does not exist.
Women therefore are assigned jobs that are more mind numbing and are paid less. Women are place in the underpaid and underutilized pool of marginal labor works. Women have always had a lower status than men have, but the extent of the gap between genders varies across cultures and time. American women in 1999 earned approximately 77% of what men made, in 2000, according to the Department of Labor. Societies do not consistently define most tasks as either feminine or masculine.
Obviously the male popu... ... middle of paper ... ...; The wage gap between men and women will not be solved overnight. Many solutions have been offered by various groups, but women continue to face discrimination which lowers their pay. However, progress is being made. In a growing number of professions such as engineering, university administration, and economics, the wage gap is almost non-existent. Additionally, many companies and other organizations have created innovative programs to open up new opportunities to women and minorities.
That’s almost five million homes and families who are considered poor all because of the unfair gender pay gap we have today (National Partnerships). The reduced earnings of women have an impact on 7.4 million households run by single working women. Over two point one million families consisting of working single mothers were considered poor. An added two point four million working single mothers were severely struggling to barely make ends meet. They were falling between 100 and 200 pe... ... middle of paper ... ...and go through the same schooling; they deserve to be paid equally for what they worked for, just like men do (Wage Project).
Inequalities in the work place for racial minorities such as blacks and women are common and there are policies in place to prohibit it; however, Biebly says, “Organizational policies are not the same as organization practices” (pg. 80). Working women often face an additional level of discrimination and are often torn between home and work. Women try to fully integrate family and work and often find themselves quitting because of mutually reinforcing and interlocking factors according to Stone’s article. This self-reinforcing system higher women at a lower pay than their husbands, with jobs structured toward flexible positions, which in turn limits their overall earning capability.
Women are paid less than men, even when they have the same qualifications and work the same hours. Women who work full time earn only 77 percent of what men make, leaving a 22 percent gap in average annual wages. Discrimination, not lack of training or education, is largely the cause of the wage gap. Cawthorne (2008) suggests, even with the same qualifications, in 2007, full time, year-round female workers aged 25 to 32 with a bachelor’s degree were paid 14 percent less than men (Cawthorne, 2008, p.2). Women are segregated into low paying occupations, and occupations dominated by women are paid low wages.