“Eugenics justified social policies by encouraging the reproduction of ‘fit’ individuals while denying any reproduction to ‘unfit’ individuals” . The dominant upper-class white society used social Darwinism... ... middle of paper ... ...r president. African American ancestors that had given up on using their right to vote because of the many restriction may have unknowingly taught their child to do the same, giving African Americans even less of a voice in the government. Works Cited Michael Omi & Howard Winant, “Racial Formation,” in Race Critical Theories (2002), 125 James A. Tyner, “The Geopolitics of Eugenics and the Exclusion of Philippine Immigrants from the United States,” The Geographical Review, 89, no. 1 (1999), 54 James A. Tyner, “The Geopolitics of Eugenics and the Exclusion of Philippine Immigrants from the United States,” The Geographical Review, 89, no.
The Bell Curve argues that intelligent and ignorant individuals are becoming more divided because opportunities are given based on achievement, and that there needs to be governmental intervention “for the sake of general welfare” because this unintelligent group was reproducing at rapid rates. They attributed this difference in intelligence levels to genetics, which also was presumed to determine race. While these authors were not the first to publish works that attempted to justify racial segregation with “science,” such as the use of phrenology, other scholars discredited their claims as utilizing faulty and biased testing. However, culture is more likely to blame, as well as peoples’ enjoyment of prejudicial segregation as a form of exclusion
Erika Lee says, “Immigrants have been excluded and restricted on the basis of their race, ethnicity, class, gender, sexuality, moral standing, health, and political affiliation, among other factors.” (Lee, p. 39) Lee is saying that Americans would do anything to discriminate against immigrants. If immigrants stood out because of physical features they could more easily be targeted by society. Those immigrants that could better blend in were more likely to be included within a society. Racially those who were different were not wanted in America, but why? Americans loved the idea of having one transnational race.
Setting up an location in another country with different culture and ignoring their culture would be very disrespectful and could end up hurting the diplomatic relationship and possible put individuals at risk. I think it’s very important that Cox expressed how important it is to use diversity to improve the organization’s performance rather it create more problems or increase barriers, (p. 236) The issues that I have with the reading is that its seems like not only is there government legislation that organizations need to consider during the hiring process but the organizations themselves have made the whole hiring process unnatural. I cannot express how many times I have heard individual’s express and somewhat joke that the reason why they were hired by their organization was due to the fact that a quota needed to be met. I think people should feel like they were hired based on their skills and what they have to offer to that particular organization, instead of being a part of a quota being filled. I learned that human resources departments often hire individuals that only fit the organization’s culture.
Opponents charge that affirmative action places unskilled minorities in positions they are not qualified for and violates the Fourteenth Amendment. Since its inception, the definition of affirmative action has been ever-changing. Prohibiting discrimination in hiring, expanding the applicant pool to include more minorities, compensating for past grievances, and setting quotas have all been part of the definition. In theory affirmative action helps integrate minorities better into society and puts them on equal footing with whites; however, in reality affirmative action is widening the racial gap in America and therefore should be discontinued. When the Civil Rights Law passed, minorities, especially African-Americans, believed that they should receive retribution for the years of discrimination that they endured.
Various people are treated wrongly and unequal due to the information of the differences in their DNA. Inequality among humans is a dangerous aspect of society. For centuries it has been fueled by arrogance and hatred. Michael Kirby, a former Australian jurist, states that the “great dangers from adverse discrimination lie principally in the context of social arrangements which may be affected by knowledge about an individual’s genetic makeup.” Genetic discrimination does not only affect the individual; it affects their family and friends too because “employers can also use DNA information to decide whether to hire or fire workers” (National Human Genome Institute). If the employer decides to not hire the individual, he or she will not be able to provide... ... middle of paper ... .... As of now, people are being discriminated through employment and insurance companies but it can lead to something bigger and worse.
One of the obstacles to creating a less racist society is the enduring confusion over individual attitudes as distinct from social and economic policies and practices. A person character and social traits are normally started when they are very young. Racism is a big factor that is affecting Americans specifically minorities. Racism is a belief that a particular race is superior or inferior to another. People define racism in many different aspects even though many people say racism is dead day it is still impacting the world.
The purpose of eugenics is to aid the process of evolution through artificial selection in order to eliminate any unwanted traits and increase traits seen as more favorable in a population (Bowler 1984, p. 268). Positive eugenics refers to the idea that individuals deemed to be more superior should be encouraged to breed. Negative eugenics contends that the number children born from parents with lower abilities should be restricted in order to reduce the unwanted genes in a population over time. With the support of Mendelian genetics the idea of eugenics rapidly gain much influence around the world. This view suggests that hereditary or genetics were the only factors that determine a person’s character (Bowler 1984, p. 268).
The History of Diversity in America Known as the ¡§Melting Pot¡¨, America is a country with a more diverse population than any other. But America also has a long, painful past of discrimination that has been based on sex, race, color, disability, religion, sexual orientation and various other characteristics that stray from the average white American citizen. Through the years, government has played a major role in trying to correct the past wrongs due to discrimination by enacting legislation and adding amendments to the Constitution. The primary purpose of these measures is to enforce non-discriminating employment practices and to encourage, and sometimes force, companies to increase their representation of women and minority group members in the workplace. This move toward equal opportunity has come about through numerous measures enacted throughout our history.
Unfortunately, it has many skeletons in its closet that need to come out to heal this great nation on many levels. If the public at large new the real role of racism in our nations infancy and how men tried to pursue their way of thinking as opposed to what is good for the country they would be ashamed at what the United States has stood for in the past. Heroification is a degenerative process that makes people into heroes regardless of any type of character flaw they may possess. It appears that Mr. Loewen?s greatest concern about heroification does not revolve around who gets chosen for the history books but what actually happens to them after they do. He cites two examples of people that had led colored lives but in our textbooks show them as people we should strive to become like.