And very few short stories. It 's mostly nonfiction, because that 's what will be on the tests. Any books I teach outside of the curriculum will harm my students ' scores on the tests that evaluate them and my performance” (Williams). Williams uses real world examples from teachers to support the impact of curriculum caused by standardized testing. Williams provided an example of a teacher who believes the importance of curriculum has changed since the increase in the importance of standardized testing.
What the test may cover may not be what the students have learned in class. However, some critics feel “that standardized tests allow administrators, teachers, and parents the opportunity to view solid evidence of the students’ performance, which in turn could lead to curriculum changes” (Banta, p.1). Standardized tests also create unnecessary stress for students. These tests require students to study or cram for many hours and puts them in a demanding social setting where they are forced to answer difficult questions. Standardized testing was once a good idea, to test the students’ capabilities and to see how they compare with other districts, but teachers teach using different methods and focus on different issues.
While these advances are beneficial, standardized exams often hurt already disadvantaged schools, promote states to lower their standards of education, and cause schools to focus more on the exams themselves rather than on their students' actual learning (Karp). One of the major foundations of the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act, a national law requiring public schools to distribute standardized tests at least once a year, is that schools may be sanctioned by the federal government as a result of poor test grades. Obviously, this threat places an extraordinary amount of stress on schools to do well on their exams and holds teachers and administrators more accountable. However, it also causes teachers to teach the test rather than their curriculum, allowing students to perform better on exams without actually understanding the tested material (Karp). Test-teaching has become so common that students may actually take classes helping them to improve test scores, and whole days of public school are spent teaching kids better and faster ways to eliminate wrong answers (Gallagher).
Students spend the majority of their time preparing for standardized tests, instead of spending their time learning. In addition, standardized tests give students anxiety, and could lead them to want to drop out of high school due to all of the stress. I believe that standardized tests should not carry so much weight in the education system. They should serve as checks of the educational system rather than as a determinant of the future of
The United States would most likely see a boost in the amount of students that finish school and graduate. Outside of the United States not many countries take these Standardized test. Instead their method is most similar to the end of the year exam test. With teacher’s limited creativity due to their curriculum being based strictly around standardized exams, students lack life skills that kids taking end of year exams have. So with this said, it is obvious that for the United States to be up to par education wise, actions must immediately be taken to change the way school systems function in the United States.
In other words, two teachers may give the same assignment two completely different grades based on their own grading style. This puts an incredible amount of stress on a student because they need to complete assignments that will satisfy their current teacher, whose expectations and grading style could be very similar or very different from the student’s previous teacher. Alfie Kohn believes that the influence grades have on a student’s life doesn’t help this situation, and may even make it worse by providing students with a false sense of security about their knowledge. In her article “From Degrading to De-grading”, she states that scores on tests can be largely based on how the test was written and what skills were tested (Kohn 240). Therefore, it is up to teachers to identify what topics students must master in order to be proficient and score well on standardized tests.
The last two major educational reforms, President Bush’s No Child Left Behind Act in 2002 and President Obama’s Race to the Top grant program in 2009, majorly changed the educational experience by introducing and intensely focusing on standardized testing as a way to measure students’ ability and progress. While the educational reforms were initially well received, resistance to standardized testing has grown. Many who are opposed think standardized testing is further damaging our education system as the ability to test well has become more important than gaining actual knowledge and genuine learning. Those opposed also argue that standardized testing does not accurately measure students’ abilities. Both students and teachers are being negatively
Many challengers argue that standardized tests do not take external factors into account, for the intelligence of a bad test taker is not reflected on the test. Multiple students develop test anxiety which ultimately encumbers performance. Additional external factors that may impact test performance include bullying at school, conflict at home, and confidence in one’s test taking ability, or lack thereof. Standardized testing also causes teachers to base their curriculum only around the test, hindering students’ overall learning potential. Due to test results reflecting teacher quality, teachers are pressured to fully prepare their students for these tests.
Schools worldwide are stressed to succeed on these standardized tests when they only measure a fraction of a student’s intelligence. Standardized testing must be discontinued because it negatively affects school curricula, students’ and instructors’ mentality, and fairness of the test for all students. National standardized testing is a requirement under the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) which promises parents that: instructors will teach more efficiently, students will be motivated, and school systems will operate more productively (Nicolas 42). All of these promises are said to lead to better education for students, especially those who are raised within minority groups (Nicolas 45). The primary purpose of standardized tests is to evaluate students and show whether or not the standards of the standardized test was met in the school.
An article by Greg Jouriles helps explain why we don’t need these tests. He claims, “Standardized tests are unnecessary because they rarely show what we don’t already know” (Jouriles, Greg). He also goes on to explain that one’s test score isn’t reliable and that we should trust the teachers when grades are published. A school system can accurately judge the students in the school on what they are good at better than the standardized tests do. They can break down many different aspects of what students need to improve on and what they are already knowledgeable of.