The Pros And Cons Of Segregation Of Waste

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Minor changes in the equipments used can lead to huge reduction in the amount of pollutants. Rather than changing the entire equipment, slight modification can prevent the discharge of pollutants. Modified equipment can process materials efficiently and reduce the number of rejected products. Modification can be redesigning parts of an equipment that can eliminate leakage, installing drip pans to collect leaking process material, etc.

3. Segregation of waste
The industrial waste water consists of process wastes, cooling water and sanitary waste the process of segregation of cooling waste from the remaining portion will greatly reduced the load on the treatment plant. The segregation produces two types of wastes. One waste is very strong but less in volume and the second waste is weak and more or less same as the original volume. This makes the treatment process easier and reduces the difficulty of treating the total volume of waste generated. The strong waste which is low in volume can be treated specifically by selecting a suitable treatment method based on physic chemical characteristics of the strong waste.

4. Equalization of waste
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The waste water from different units may not have the same characteristics and hence these wastes cannot be directly fed in to the treatment plant. Waste water characteristics such as pH, BOD, Total solids etc varies for different units of production. In such cases, an equalization tank may be provided to receive and hold the different waste. During the holding time, fluctuations in the values of pH and BOD will be reduced. Blending of cool and hot wastes, acids and alkalies, strong waste and dilute waste nullifies or minimizes their pollution characteristics and renders them
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