Because of the boom in the prison population caused by the War on Drugs during the 1980s, prison overcrowding and rising cost became problematic for local, state, and federal governments. In response, private business interests saw an opportunity for expansion, and consequently, private-sector involvement in prisons moved from the simple contracting of services to contracting for the complete management and operation of entire prisons, aka spoiler alert: Orange is the New Black Season 3. The privatization of Prisons creates new prisons for profit, prisons that need to be filled. In 2012, Corrections Corporation of America (CCA), the nation 's largest operator of for-profit prisons, sent letters to 48 states offering to buy their prisons as a remedy for "challenging corrections budgets." Meaning, the CCA offered to run the prison in exchange for a 20-year management contract, plus an assurance the prison would remain at
Private prisons receive a guaranteed large amount of money for what it costs to maintain each prisoner. There are about 18 different corporations guard 10,000 prisoners in 27 states in America. There are two major large corporations; Correctional Corporation of America (CCA) and Wackenhut, and together they control 75%. The CCA has an ultra-modern day prison in Lawrenceville, Virginia; where five guards on dayshift and two on night shift watch over 750 prisoners. In those prisons, inmates may get their sentences reduced for their “good behavior,” but for any infraction, they get 30 days added – which means more profits for CCA.
Age: 18- 60 Income: Average wages and depend on family. Company Advantages (Stand Out in the Crowd) Breaking Time’s is near classrooms and staff offices where our ideal customers can come and enjoy drinks, food and services conveniently. We use high quality coffee bean and blend it at our shop to make sure that it can keep 100% flavor, especially Blend Coffee. The quality and value of the wide variety of light and healthy meals offered in Breaking Time’s that may not be matched by other competitors such as the canteen or some coffee shops nearby. We also provide high facilities and good services for the customers, for example, air conditioning, free wifi and music.
In 2010, more than $80 billion were spent on corrections by the United States at all three levels of government. Ninety percent of these expenditures were spent at the state and local levels (Kyckelhahn and Martin 2013). These exorbitant expenditures pay for the supervision, incarceration, and rehabilitation of adults and juveniles convicted of offenses against the law, as well as those in prison waiting to go to trial and then sentencing (Kyckelhahn, 2013). Incarceration, the practice aimed at preventing individuals from committing additional crimes, affects society in many, many ways. Research has shown that incarceration tends to negatively affect employment opportunities for those who have been in prison, increase the likelihood that they
AMERICA'S WAR ON DRUGS MORENO 2 During the 1960s, drugs represented youth rebellion and social and political dissent. The government rerouted scientific research to study the medical safety and efficacy of drugs. In 1971, President Nixon declared a “war on drugs.” He substantially increased the presence and size of federal drug agencies, and passed legislation like mandatory sentencing laws and unconstitutional warrants. Nixon even listed marijuana as a Schedule One drug, the most constrictive drug category. Over forty years later, the U.S is still waging a war on drugs, spending billions of dollars per year and creating major social issues.
Our system is failing because “The U.S. prison population has more than quadrupled since the early 1980s: when mandatory minimum sentencing laws for drugs when into effect” (Borowski, 2016). this clearly depicts a failing system in need of reform. Millions of people are suffering due to a system that has been targeted at incarcerating people who commit low level crime or nonviolent crimes. We are truly living in a period of governance through crime which has only set fear on people and increase the prison population drastically. This system has been used since president Nixon took into office and instated his war on drugs that gave the birth to the huge problem of mass incarceration.
In fact, the policy of the criminalization of drugs has fostered a steady increase in crime over the past several decades. This research will aim to critically analyze the impact of government statutes regarding drugs on the society as a whole. Concerned authorities have focused essentially on criminalization and punishment, to find remedies to the ever-increasing prevalent drug problem. In the name of drug reducing policies, authorities endorse more corrective and expensive drug control methods and officials approve stricter new drug war policies, violating numerous human rights. Regardless of or perhaps because of these efforts, UN agencies estimate the annual revenue generated by the illegal drug industry at $US400 billion, or the equivalent of roughly eight per cent of total international trade (Riley 1998).
There have been escalating costs spent on the war against drugs and countless dollars spent on rehabilitation. Every year in the United States, ten billion dollars are spent on enforcing drug laws alone. Drug violators accounted for about forty percent of all criminals in federal prisons (Rosenthal 1996). In 1989, a Republican county executive of Mercer County, N.J., estimated that it would cost approximately one billion dollars to build the jail space required to house all the drug users in Trenton alone (Roffman 1982). All of this money could be spent on things of greater importance.
Last Solution For Outbreak of Gangs? Currently being discussed in Congress is the Anti-gang Bill, also known as the “Gangbusters Bill”. This bill would turn gang-related violent offenses into federal crimes punishable by mandatory sentences of at least ten years, expand the range of crimes punishable by death, and allow U.S. prosecutors to try 16 and 17 year old gang members as adults in federal courts. One unfortunate effect of this new bill will be the progressing overcrowding of federal prisons. On June 30, 2004, a study was taken of the United States Federal Prisons and 2,131,180 prisoners were detained in federal or state prisons or local jails, an increase of 2.3% from midyear 2003 statistics, and an estimated 486 prison inmates per 100,000 U.S. residents went up from the previous 411 at the end of 1995.
The United states incarcerates nearly 1 in 100 American adults. The prison population quadrupled from 1970 to 1990 (Pollock). The incarceration rate has exceeded two million and the federal prisons are operating at 31% over capacity (Robinson) When the state and the local governments started passing tough-on-crime legislations, the country’s incarceration addiction grew at a mega rate. Moreover, while the society admits that incarceration helps in rehabilitating and transforming people’s characters, other methods of deterring crime can also be utilized to help manage the problem prison overcrowding. According to Alinejad and Nazarinejad (2015), while creating new facilities will help accommodate new inmates, and then the number of detainees that need rehabilitation in prisons will continue to increase as time elapses.