Support for this argument will be drawn from the following sources: Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy, Love, Sex, and Health, and The Question of Pornography. First of all trust is one of the biggest factors when it comes to being in a relationship. It there is no trust it could all easily fall apart. This is why so many women loose their husbands trust when they first discover that they have been cheating on them with pornography magazines, books, and more often internet sites. Pamela Paul states that “most men do not admit to engaging in pornography but try to hide it from their spouse in order to keep it a secret.
First, it is obvious that pornography displays male supremacy. For example, the majority of the porn portrays women as being the submissive character, rather than the character who is in control of the situation. Throughout time, the stereotypical woman has always been considered to be attractive if she embraced the submissive role. Pornography further suggests that women are considered to be sexy or attractive if they pursue the role of being passive. The thought of a masculine or dominating woman may seem like something repulsive to the porn industry.
Pornography can be defined as printed or visual material displaying erotic descriptions or visuals of sexual body parts or sexual activity, and is largely aimed to appeal to a male audience through sexual scenarios which often dehumanize and exploit women and their bodies. Though largely, pornography is is designed to please a masculinized audience, there are some feminists, from multiple genders, who aim to “reclaim their right to enjoy sexual images without violence and negativity” (Klinger). Ideally, pornography would be a context in which there would be a conscious movement towards eliciting a healthy reclamation of sexually charged images from all genders- especially women. Those against pornography usually emphasize the specifics of porn as it occurs in modern culture. Oftentimes anti-pornography feminists point out the extremely male-oriented vision of sexuality, the sexism, and with descriptions such as: “women presented as dehumanized sexual objects, things, or commodities; shown as enjoying humiliation, pain, or sexual assault; tied up, mutilated, or physically hurt; depicted in postures or positions of sexual submission or servility; shown with body parts- including though not limited to vagina, breast, or buttocks- exhibited such that women are reduced to those parts; women penetrated by animals or objects; and women presented in scenarios of degradation, humiliation, or torture, shown as filthy or inferior, bleeding, bruised, or hurt in a context that makes these conditions sexual” (MacKinnon).
If she cannot/does not take dominatrix into account, then her philosophy is inconsistent. To fully explain this article and pornography would require a lengthy paper that exceeds the requirements and purpose of this précis. I will end my paper by saying that I believe everyone has a right to free speech and equality, and I appreciate the article for what it was worth, but I do not feel it is justifiable or relevant to society. She bases her entire argument on an improvable correlation of pornography and sexual discrimination. Not to mention the fact that women also buy pornography.
Also, if we look very closely at the notion of a "flourishing life," we will find that instead of helping us determine what the virtues are, it actually begs the question, since the flourishing life already contains value judgements. The very idea of a flourishing life is a normative concept. That of course was the original question: what are the standards by which we ought to live our lives? The virtue ethicist told us that we could avoid this quest... ... middle of paper ... ...lise moral principles simply by doing the morally good deed and through the action itself come to understand its value and begin to desire it. However, virtue theory offers a great deal to moral psychology -it tells us how we in fact learn moral principles.
It was interesting how one couple saw the concept of pornography as a stigma and considered to be everywhere, one woman felt porn is degrading and made her feel insecure about herself, while one man stated that he was not able to perform well during real sex because internet porn has vanished its “magic”. Furthermore, several statements such as “porn is harmless”, “if we women want to be naked and be proud of our bodies, what’s the problem? We’re in control, and it’s our choice”, believing in civil freedom by favoring porn, or “only scumbags use pornography”, were also showcased in her book (p. 9). In summary, Paul (2005) encourages the society to reconsider their beliefs about porn, or at least educate themselves about the pornification of American culture, as it affects not just women, but men as
(Heartney) Any type of pornography text, even the most “correct”, contains a distorted image of the social and sexual relations between men and women of the society in which it takes place. On the other hand, there are those who believe that pornography is a necessary evil. While it may be somewhat of an inaccurate display of sexual interaction, pornography is a forum of the persuit of ki... ... middle of paper ... ... of monster that was frowned upon by higher authorities. Watching pornography has become less acknowledged as an improper action, and more as a tool to help people come to terms with their sexuality and help revive the sex lives of couples everywhere. Pornography is not a detriment to society, but rather a benevolent force that is helping those who are sexually confused and in need of guidance.
But some men and women who watch porn do not realize, just like women do not realize models in magazines have been photoshopped and are not real or representative of actual women in society. Also, how can women challenge this dichotomy of being a slut or being invisible? As mentioned above, there is a need for diverse representations of women in the media, one which is detached from sex. By not fitting into either side of the binary, women create this radical movement which transforms the ways society see women. Women need to be represented as individuals who have agency over themselves and act based on their needs and not for the desire of
“What is objectionable about pornography…is its abusive and degrading portrayal of females and female sexuality, not its content or explicitness” (Rodgerson & Wilson, 1994) However, others may feel that it is sexually liberating and in no way degrading to those involved. Those women feel in control of their sexuality and choose to participate in acts as a way of expressing themselves while feeling it has no barring on their moral character. While others would argue that it promotes immoral behavior which would lead to criminal acts or an unhealthy obsession with sex. “The most commonly feared adverse effects of pornography include undesirable sexual behaviors (e.g. adultery), sexual aggression, and loss of respect for traditional family structures and values, loss of respect for authorities, and a general nonspecific moral decay.” (Hald & Linz,
The anonymity of the online platform also impacts the consequences of pornography. Specifically, “the feeling of anonymity promoted significantly more hostile sexist attitudes toward women” (Shim and Paul 2014). There is a reduction in self-awareness when viewers feel their viewing patterns are anonymous, which results in them seeking more extreme scenes (Shim and Paul 2014). The ability to watch pornography in private allows one to do so without being forced to comply with social norms (Shim and Paul 2014). According to the stimulus-reward perspective, the immediate psychological reward of pornography increases the likelihood that viewers will behave in ways that are deviant and antisocial in an effort to seek the same rewards (Shim and