The Pros And Cons Of Immunization

1902 Words8 Pages
Introduction
Immunization is defined as the process by which an individual becomes protected against a particular disease and it is also as referred as vaccination or inoculation (Selvakumari, 2011). According to the Center for Disease Control, only 45% of health care workers in some Alberta hospitals get immunized voluntarily. There is a debate among the public, hospitals, healthcare organizations and other health officials about what appropriate tactics would increase immunization rates for health care workers. One of the approaches is to have mandatory immunization laws for healthcare workers. This has become a threatening issue across many provinces in Canada. This mandatory immunization mandates breaches human rights securities outlined in the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms and under the Canadian Medical Law. Further, an ethical dilemma arises between personal autonomy versus safety and risk of the population. Immunization has become freely offered in most countries, yet debates continue as to their effectiveness. This paper will examine the ethical issues surrounding mandatory immunization of health care workers. The paper begins with a background analysis of this issue and the second part would discuss the issue by examining it through a theoretical lens. The final section would discuss how mandatory immunization policies of health care workers are unethical.
Vaccines are considered to be of the most effective way to prevent the influenza, yet some people continue to die after getting immunized. The health care organizations have aroused fear in the public, spending on thousands of dollars on vaccination campaign in spite of evidence that determines the effectiveness of the vaccines. Despite of the lack of evide...

... middle of paper ...

...cal ethics lens, Mandatory immunization mandates breaches human rights protections set out in the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms and Canadian Medical Law. The increase use of vaccines prompts questions about their health risks for patients, the cost of healthcare and their effectiveness. Some of the recommendations to ensure vaccines are safe is to have well-designed clinical trials, changes in the vaccine approval system, guidelines for practitioners providing vaccination and enhanced monitoring of the effects of vaccines. A vaccination should only be approved for use when it proven that it has minimal risk. Since there is limited effectiveness of the immunization it does not require a need of a policy of mandatory vaccination for workers. It would make sense to have immunization mandatory for HCWs only if it presented evidence to support its efficiency.

More about The Pros And Cons Of Immunization

Open Document