The Pros And Cons Of Genetic Engineering

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Introduction
Genetic engineering has been a part of society for thousands of years, primarily through the means of selective breeding.[1] However today, technology allows for the transfer of genes between various organisms and goes beyond selective breeding. This type of genetic engineering allows for the specific selection of a gene which controls the desired trait.[1] This type of genetic engineering has allowed access to numerous medicines, such as insulin and have also reduced the need for pesticides and herbicides.[2, 3] However, there are a variety of concerns which are attributed to genetic engineering, such as the risk of creating new disease, a variety of super weeds have been produced as a result and also religious and ethical issues.[4,
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[2] An example is insulin, where the gene for insulin production is taken from human DNA and inserted into the plasmid of a bacterial cell.[2] The bacterium will then duplicate through the process of binary fission, increasing the number of bacteria with the insulin gene. This allows for the mass production of pure human insulin. Compared to other methods for the production of insulin, where insulin is purified form the pancreas of cattle and pig, genetically engineered bacteria is a more economically cheaper method, is less likely to cause an adverse reaction and overcome ethical issues for vegetarians and other religious…show more content…
In addition, genetically modified crops pose a significant threat to biodiversity and have been shown to cause premature sperm and babies in rats. For these reasons genetic engineering should be limited to bacterial cells for the production of certain medicines and should stray away from plants and animals where a high level of ethical and risk issues are present.
Summary
Genetic engineering currently plays a significant role in providing certain medicine to the general populace, such as insulin. The process allows human insulin to be produced in bacterial cells which by-passes any adverse effects. However, there are numerous risks and ethical issues associated with genetic engineering. Such as, if chimeric entities were to develop a form of intelligence, should they be given rights and special provisions? One evident risk is the use of genetic engineering for the production of super humans and biological weaponry. Legislation states that…
However, the risks associated with genetic engineering is to great and the same foes for the ethical issues present, therefore the process should be limited to bacterial cells for medicinal purposes in highly controlled environments to prevent

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