A possible use of gene-therapy is to treat people that have genetically inherited illnesses such as sickle cell anemia. Cloning has become a huge possibility with the effective clone of Dolly the sh... ... middle of paper ... ...e color. With all these different uses of genetic engineering, it gives humans a lot of different choices to change their environment. Some of these choices are obviously harmful, for example biological warfare. There are also some great benefits that can be gained from genetic engineering mainly with gene-therapy.
It is a very serious and controversial matter because it raises many ethical, legal, and moral issues, especially in dealing with genetic engineering in human beings. There are generally three methods used in the manipulation of human genes and they are cloning, somatic cell manipulation, and human germline manipulation. Very basically, cloning is creating exact copies of an organisms DNA and creating a new organism with this same DNA. The new organisms will be physically identical to the original organism. Somatic cell manipulation is simply injecting new genes into somatic cells in order to cure a disease such as hemophilia.
GMO’s are the source of genetically modified foods, and are also widely used in scientific research and to produce goods other than food. Some negative impacts of GMO’s are the rise in autoimmune diseases, toxic effects, allergy risks, financial impacts, and cross pollination or contamination. The rise in autoimmune diseases, infertility, and chronic diseases may be associated with the introduction of genetically modified foods. The American academy of environmental medicine, consider the role of genetically modified foods in the nations health crisis, and advise their patients to avoid all genetically modified foods whenever possible. Genetically modified foods also share certain toxic effects on the liver, pancreas, kidneys, and reproductive system that may cause cancer in these organs.
Because enzymes are biological catalysts that provide a specifically shaped platform for digestion of nutrients, foreign proteins, lipids, and carbohydrate molecules can cause allergic reactions when enzymes cannot align with them in the digestive process. Biotechnology scientists have developed a process of altering specific plant genes to achieve desired qualities such as resistance to pests, diseases, or climate conditions. Though the techniques used are ve... ... middle of paper ... ...ses such as supporting third world countries, there are some inconsistencies with their presentation of data. Biotechnology is a growing field with promise of helpful advances in agriculture and human health, however, there are vital consumer concerns and dangers that need to be honestly and directly addressed, rather than suppressed. With concern to potential human health hazards, environmental problems, and unintended mutations to the DNA more open research is necessary.
But There are Also a lot of concerns for genetically modified organisms because we are making the food in a lab and not naturally growing it and also that it can cause cancer or that it can produce super weeds and many more. But I Believe that GMO (genetically modified organisms) are good and that some of them might be
Biotechnology, a more general term, refers to using living organisms or their components, such as enzymes, to make products that include medicines and vaccines, foods and food ingredients, feeds, and fibers”. The unique structure of GM food creates risk to humans which can affect them in the following ways: allergic reactions, toxicity, antibiotic resistance, adverse health side effects and death. It is impossible to foresee the damage inflicted ...
Many people, even scientists, have raised strong questions concerning the issue. In his article Moore raises such questions as, "Could the technology get out of control and damage human health or the environment? Who will decide which of the many uses are safe and permissible, and which should be banned? How can we assess the safety of genetic engineering?" (SS1) These questions and similar ones raised by the opposition do hold valid moral and ethical considerations.
Every scientific advancements is accompanied by a list of risks, and, many people feel that the benefits of genetic engineering are not worth the gamble. However, it is not hard to understand why some people feel this way. Genetic engineering strikes the question of ethics, will this diminish the meaning of being human? Many fear that we are putting our food chain at risk, or that we can cause a major threat to our health by creating a new disease organisms to which there is no available cure. It is true that there may be risks involved, nonetheless, it should be acknowledge that science has provided us with many beneficial advancement that at one poi... ... middle of paper ... ...st themselves have recognized the problems that it could bring to the environment, therefore created a method where the modified eggs could all be made sterile at one time.
This has led to significant advances in agriculture, industry, and medicine. Newer techniques in genetic engineering have enabled scientists to clone more complex mammals and opened up the possibility of cloning humans. Although there are many potential benefits to this technology, the prospect of cloning humans has raised many practical, ethical and religious dilemmas that are currently being debated by society. The purposes of doing genetic engineering are many and various. Ranges of them are listed below.
The government imposes many guidelines, and it needs to stay that way. The biggest dangers, however, may be in what is to come. General dangers of the techniques of gene therapy are a large concern. One problem is that the new gene may be inserted in the wrong location in the DNA. Experiments with rats showed this could cause cancer or other damage.