The Pros And Cons Of Euthanasia

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Euthanasia is a subject of intense debate over time. It has been a licit issue in human rights discourse as it also affects the ethical and legal issues, pertaining to patients and health care providers. The objectives of this paper is to delineate the ethical dilemma of euthanasia, to review the forms of euthanasia, analyze the significance of the issue to nursing practice, discuss the pros and cons of euthanasia, while allowing the reader to form his or her own opinion when presented with the facts and arguments of both sides.
Keywords: euthanasia, nursing, ethics, ethical dilemma

Everyone has a purpose in life, if asked many people would probably want to live to their old age, and then die peacefully in their sleep. Unfortunately, this is not the reality most people face. Some may die after many longsuffering and painful diseases. Others may find that as they age their body deteriorates to such a degree that they wish they were dead. Those who cannot die quickly might opt to culminate their suffering, by committing suicide. However, those who are no able to do so may seek assistance with their death.
Euthanasia, often called "mercy killing", has been for many years widely debated in countries around the word (Encyclopedia Britannica, 2014).The act of euthanasia is the “action undertaken by a physician, whose intent is to end the life of a person at his or her request” (Dierckx De Casterle B., Denier ´Y., De Bal N. & Gastmans C, 2010).This act involves injecting the person with a lethal drug to hasten their death. However, euthanasia should not be confused with physician assisted suicide. In the practice of physician assisted suicide, the patient makes the final administration of the l...

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... our purpose is to provide the ultimate an effective care to our patients when they are in pain. However, when they are suffering from incurable diseases our first instinct is to manage their pain and keep them comfortable until they pass-away, but in this particular situation treating the pain is not what they desire. In the end everyone is entitled to their own rights, but as far as my faith is concerned killing is wrong and is considered a sin in the eyes of god.

In conclusion the medical, ethical and legal issue involving the legislation of euthanasia is a complex and challenging issues. It is hard to see people suffer, and nurses have a duty to comfort those in need, but it is also a part of life. However I think that the practice of euthanasia should not be legalized, because there is not enough compelling reasons to why this act should be legal.

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