Many citizens strive to make our society a better one for everyone. By attempting to filter out genetic inferiorities, many believed there were positive effects to the idea of eugenics. Many historic eugenicists thought society would be better by preventing the births of people afflicted with these inheritable diseases. This sterilization movement was very flawed in the early 20th century. Much of the data collected and methods used by eugenicists determined why certain individuals were malleable to a society.
Wesley J. Smith goes on and on about how eugenicists would want to create homogeneity among Humans, valuing traits such as intelligence and looks instead of love, compassion, and empathy. He feels that this would create an unnatural society of human beings, creating chaos among the world. What he fails to recognize however is that it is not nearly as simple to do this as he thinks. Right now, cloning is in its very elementary stages, and most research being done is for medical purposes. Through advancing our knowledge in cloning and genetic engineering, we can eliminate unwanted traits and genetic diseases.
Although the advancement of genetic science has provided humans with the ability to choose their child’s sex, eye color, or even intelligence, some believe that it is highly immoral to commercialize this new found power. The Oxford English Dictionary defines eugenics as the science of improving the (especially human) population by controlled breeding for desirable inheritable characteristics (Suckling, 2000). The original purpose of the trait selection, called eugenics, was to check for certain disease-bearing genes. This allowed for parents to choose non-disease bearing embryos using In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) (Steere, 2008). The technology has recently been developing into detecting various other physical traits that will undoubtedly become abused by the general public if it is brought to the commercial market (Suckling, 2000).
Darwin’s theory was later applied to the human race, as many saw competition between both countries and companies. Known as Social Darwinism, it stated that only the “fittest” would be able to survive while the others would not. Leading to an imperialist point of view, it portrayed countries that were not a European power weaker, because they were not the fittes... ... middle of paper ... ...the mother’s love. These ideas led to a greater acceptance, as all people were to have these natural urges and desires. Freud altered traditional thinking through his studies of the human subconscious and how the mind works.
Some believe the entire term itself should be disregarded as a racist pseudoscience, while others believe it is a dually positive- and negative-natured, perhaps double-edged, sword of a term. Some use the term to define the past practices of Nazis; others have adopted the popularized term to now mean modern human genetic research. Eugenics can also be separated into either a branch of social philosophy or the present and ongoing research of contemporary human genetics and its future implementation. The Early History of Eugenics Sir Francis Galton first coined the term eugenics to mean something similar to his cousin Charles Darwin’s Theory of Evolution. Galton believed humans could be bred similarly like animals, for better intelligence, beauty and talent, while those of unwan... ... middle of paper ... ...32DD9A1FABBBAAA1CCA8B1851D2284914E0B21&s=18976307&ut=2274&pg=1&r=img&c=-1&pat=n Paul, D. B.
Francis Galton whom coined the term defined eugenics as “the science of improvement of the human race germ plasm through “better breeding”’. Although this may sound like a positive advancement, consequently, those who do not meet certain requirements are eliminated, or at least, prevented from passing on their ‘infected’ genes to future generations. The possibility that someone may be reje... ... middle of paper ... ... have unwanted diseases or handicaps. Such laws are present in Cyprus, China, Japan, Israel and even the United States where, in some states, couples must undergo a blood test before getting married in order to reduce the spread of hereditary disease. These laws are unethical and are a violation of basic human rights.
Consumers are the ones to decide what is put to use and what is not. There is a fine line between benefiting society and damaging society. This novel illustrates what may happen when that line is crossed a thousand times over; a horrific image. Atwood takes many of today’s scientific ideas with the potential to benefit society and turns them into tomorrow’s nightmare and creates a false paranoia. However, without new scientific advancements or technology, there will be no hopes for those who are in critical health conditions; therefore, we should overlook the arbitrary ethical proclamations of certain groups of people, for genetic technological progression is the only key to the sustenance of the population in terms of being able to be cured from the infestation of nature.
Although science did wonders in the nineteenth century, many people feared science and its effects because of the uncertainty results of science. Our thrist for science can be traced back through many decades. However, the nineteenth century society felt that science was a great investment towards a better life. This investment in science gave the nineteenth century society the discovery of light waves and radio waves, the electric motors, the first photograph and telephone, and the first publication of the periodic table. Science also caused an uproar in society when Charles Darwin published The Origin of Species, which became the scientific basis for the study of the evolution of humans.
Those frequently lethal conditions that are gone from generation to generation through DNA could be evaded at origination, basically by uprooting or modifying their particular DNA strand that influences the incipient organism. The three most generally acknowledged and legi... ... middle of paper ... ...surrogacy. Many nations have authentic wide variations in their convictions about the adequacy of each of these practices. Past eugenic revelations are mainly disliked due to their close relationship with the Nazism and the bleak experimentations that occurred. The future, on the other hand, looks toward numerous huge medicinal discoveries that are very achievable in near future.
Genetic engineering is an amazing science advancing at such a fast-pace, but because of moral and ethical concerns, research into this new technology has been limited. In his article, `Will genetic engineering produce a master race and a servile multitude?' published in the Pectator magazine 1999, Paul Johnson explores the perils of genetic engineering and the ethical dilemma facing scientists and the intellectual community. He asserts that genetic engineering will create a caste society consisting of a genetically enhanced overclass and a suppressed, skilless underclass. He argues that playing god with genetics is immoral and that it will bring into being a society "biologically evil in ways we can scarcely imagine."