Mankind has always been fascinated with science-fiction idea of cloning, hoping to create copies of living organisms for medicine, or research, or personal gain. This idea, now closer to reality than science-fiction, has caused much debate worldwide. The unresolved question still lingers: Should human cloning be allowed? There are various views on the issue, but I believe that the cloning of humans, for any purpose, should not be permitted for multiple reasons. First, cloning reduces genetic diversity.
Cloning has a high probability of a mutation or disease occurring in the clone. Some of these conditions brought on by cloning include Parkinson’s disease and protein sequence errors. Cloned humans are s... ... middle of paper ... ...o try and replace a person’s kidney, but the new kidney had a disease from the cloning process, the new kidney could end up killing the person. By attempting to save the person’s life, they would only create new problems. It is because of these medical, societal, and religious concerns that human cloning should not be performed.
She states that a lawyer-ethicist once said cloning is a violation of the “right to genetic identity” (603). Macklin doubts the existence of this right. She explains that adults should not be cloned without their voluntary consent, however, with such consent; the concept of genetic identity is not violated. Another issue discussed is that human clones could be used as human farms or organ donors. Unthinkable as it may be, there is a fear that parents may clone their children for “spare parts.” Such a theory is ludicrous because parents of twins do not view one child as a spare part should the other break.
Most times, though, a few too many embryos will be created and not used. So they will be frozen and stored. So scientists thought that instead of creating an embryo just for its stem cells, they would use the ones already created but have no current use. The embryo cannot develop any further unless implanted into a uterus. The main reason for the controversy over stem cell research is that the embryos are ultimately destroyed after the stem cells are removed.
These stem cells are currently illegal to take directly from the mother’s womb, so scientists grow these types of stem cells in laboratories. If embryonic stem cells are grown in the proper conditions, they will not begin to differentiate to form a specific cell type. If they aren’t grown in the proper conditions, they will begin to grow together and differentiate into a muscle, blood, or brain cell. The second type of stem cell is the adult stem cell. These stems cells are used to repair any damage to a cell or tissue.
Such as using bone marrow, using cord blood, or turning mature cells into stem-like cells. The majority of people believe that stem cell research is immoral and unethical because it is against their religion when scientists use a human embryo for their research. Researchers argue that the government should not keep funding for stem cell research. Dr. William Hurlbut is in favor of stem cell research, but he is pushing for using oth... ... middle of paper ... ...ning back the clock when everything in the environment favors the opposite,” said Manuel Serrano, who is a researcher at the Spanish National Cancer Research Center. If researchers are successful in turning mature cells into stem-like cells, they could take cells in a pancreas that don’t produce insulin and transform them adequately to produce insulin; therefore, doctors could treat diabetes.
Stem cells can be used to cure incurable diseases but the lesser informed are afraid of it because they believe it will lead to cloning or killing babies to get more stem cells. Data is collected on stem cells by recording how fast the cells can shift into the desired cell or if the cell can shift into it at all and if there are any unwanted mutations such as cancer or discoloration. Research for stem cells started in the 1800s when scientist first discovered that cells were the building blocks of life. During the categorization of the different type of cells they realized that some of the cells could create different type of cells. “In 1981 the first in vitro stem cells were created” (Murnaghan).
What are some Moral differences and issues with stem cell research? What are the potential medical advances and current uses and what has been accomplished so far? Stem cells, which more then 200 kinds of tissue originate from the human body, are derived from human embryos and most of the time is gotten from fertility clinics that are left over from assisted reproduction attempts. Many people may have their own religious beliefs, and when it comes to embryonic stem cells different people have their own different opinions. Many people are against embryonic stem cell research and the main reason is because in order to obtain the embryonic stem cells the early embryo has to be destroyed.
The ones who say that it is not a violation believe that life doesn’t start until the day of birth. On the other hand, those who do believe it is a violation say that the life of a human begins the minute they are conceived. In order to obtain the stem cells, researchers must get the cells from an abor... ... middle of paper ... ...cures for all sorts of ills, from diabetes and heart disease to Alzheimer’s -all without taking a single additional embryo" (Lemonick). On the other hand, there was still the issue of whether it’s morally right to kill a human in experiamentation. To many, it seems like a waste for scientists to create stem cells only to do experiments on them, and then get rid of them when they are done, "in effect, these humanistic apologists have created an entire group of throw-away people, whose lives only have meaning in how they can serve the rest of humanity" (Sullenger).
However, despite the infinite potential for medical treatments, the topic of stem cells is surrounded by enormous amounts of controversy. The questions that feed the controversy are about how the stem cells are acquired and about how the gained knowledge would be used. However, it is necessary for mankind to keep stem cell research alive in order to save lives while taking care of any unethical topics about it. There are three ways to acquire a sample of stem cells. The first method is very controversial, which is the extraction of an embryonic cell.