The Pros And Cons Of DNA Analysis

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. DNA can be left or collected from the hair, saliva, blood, mucus, semen, urine, fecal matter, and even the bones. DNA analysis has been the most recent technique employed by the forensic science community to identify a suspect or victim since the use of fingerprinting. Moreover, since the introduction of this new technique it has been a large number of individuals released or convicted of crimes based on DNA left at the crime sceneDNA is the abbreviation for deoxyribonucleic acid. DNA is the genetic material found in cells of all living organisms. Human beings contain approximately one trillion cells (Aronson 9). DNA is a long strand in the shape of a double helix made up of small building blocks (Riley). There are four types of building…show more content…
The repeat segments are cut out of the DNA strand by a restrictive enzyme that acts like scissors and the resulting fragments are sorted out by electrophoresis (Saferstein 391). However, there are some drawbacks using the RFLP method in the forensic science community. The RFLP technique requires a large amount of DNA and must be of high quality and cannot be degraded (Jones). Forensic scientists and the law enforcement community determined a need for a DNA profiling method that could be used on smaller DNA samples. Thus, the RFLP technique has been almost entirely replaced by Polymerase chain reaction. PCR or polymerase chain reaction is not a DNA typing technique, but a variety of different DNA tests (Riley). PCR duplicates and increases the quantity of a DNA strand which is beneficial to forensic scientists who are faced with little quantity of materials (Saferstein 394). The introduction of PCR-based testing in DNA analysis required scientists to switch to smaller targets that had the same repetitive variation (Jones). This is how short tandem repeat, the newest method of DNA typing,…show more content…
In 1989 the National Research Council Committee on DNA Technology in Forensic Science was developed due to numerous scientific and legal issues (The Evaluation of Forensic DNA Evidence). The National Research Council’s key role was to analyze statistical and population genetic issues in the use of DNA evidence and review major alternative approaches to statistical evaluation of DNA evidence (The Evaluation of Forensic DNA, 50). Over the past fifteen years DNA profiling has made tremendous advancements and continuous improvements in the fight against violent

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