The Pros And Cons Of Climate Change

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Assignment 2
Introduction:

Climate change was a topic developed by a Swedish scientist as far back as 1896 due to the combustion of fossil fuel. The first predicted global warming was in 1976. In 1988, the theory was finally acknowledged when the climate became the hottest within the century (Maslin, 2008). The greenhouse effect became a concern and Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) was founded. Damages from greenhouse gases could include severe climate changes, altered ecosystem, extinction and loss of biodiversity (Shogren, 2004). The Kyoto Protocol was introduced to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The main six chemicals that needed to be reduced were CO2, CH4, N2O, HFCs, PFCs, and SF6 (Parker & Blodgett, 2010). The goal
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Fang and other researches conducted a study of calculating the emissions in china over the course of 20 years from 1990-2010, and did a projection until 2020. They found that the highest SF6 emission came from electrical equipment sector (about 70%), followed by magnesium production, and the semi-conductor (10% each). While China is one of the main producers of metals and semiconductors, they did not contribute towards the reduction of GHG. An accelerated growth rate of SF6 occurred between 1990 and 2010. The fact that China ended up increasing the emissions of the most potent GHG, it makes the Kyoto Protocol ineffective as a whole. Global contribution from China rose from 0.9% in 1990 to 22.8% in 2008 (Fang, 2013). This ended up making China one of the most crucial contributors to recent growth of GHG emissions, rendering the Protocol as a…show more content…
According to Jason, “costs would fall if people adopt new energy-efficient technologies without a price hike in energy” (Shogren, 2004). A study done by Jaffe and his colleagues concluded that 20-25% of existing carbon emissions can be eliminated if people switched to fluorescent light bulbs, improved thermal insulation, more efficient heating and cooling systems (Jaffe, Newell, & Stavins, 2003). It all comes down to the consumers. Some of the energy efficient technologies are readily available but are still expensive. The driving force to efficient-energy technology depends on the changes of relative price. People will not want spend money on newer appliances especially if the prices are high, and if their current one still functions.

The agreement is entirely voluntary; therefore, it must be self-enforcing. There are global police organization to enforce the Kyoto Protocol (Shogren, 2004). This actually enforces the idea that true change must come from each individual and together form a nation with unified views on climate change. This limits the agreement to each participating country up to each of its citizens.

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