The Properties Of Sodium

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Sodium was first discovered and isolated by Sir Humphry Davy in 1807. Sodium is located in column 1 of the periodic table where all other alkali earth metals, which all of them have only 1 electron which it would happily give to another element that wants it so that it could be “happy” this then creates a positively charge atom also known as a cation. You could also find sodium by knowing its electron configuration which is [Ne] 3s1. Sodium physical properties are that it is silver in color and is a soft metal, so soft that in its pure form it could be cut with a knife. Sodium is a solid at room temperature, but it reaches its boiling point at around 208̊ Fahrenheit. To get sodium to boil you would have to get it to a temperature of around…show more content…
Another version of sodium that is often seen is Na1+ this is a different form of sodium and it is because of isotopes. Isotopes are atoms with the same number of protons but they have different number of neutrons. Basically isotopes are different forms of a single element and sodium has one natural occurring isotope. This isotope contains 11 protons and 12 neutrons in its nucleus. There are many different compounds that involve sodium that are consider useful, and this paper will cover some of the most useful and common compounds. The most familiar one is sodium chloride, which chemical formula is NaCl. Sodium chloride has a molar mass of 58.44 g/mol, a melting point of 1,474̊ F, and a boiling point of 2,575̊ F. Sodium chloride is created when a sodium atom gives one of its electron to a chlorine atom, thus creating a sodium cation and a chlorine anion. Another compound formed with sodium is sodium bicarbonate, or NaHCO3. Which has a molar mass of 58.44 g/mol, a melting point of 122̊ F, and a boiling point of 1,564̊ F. Sodium bicarbonate is produced by the Solvay process; this process involves the reaction of sodium chloride, ammonia, and carbon dioxide in…show more content…
The biggest difference from all the previous compounds is that sodium hydroxide is highly corrosive, this is the reason it was given the name caustic soda. This compound is soluble in water, ethanol, and methanol. Sodium hydroxide is made by using the chloralkali process which is an industrial process. Sodium Chloride is then electrolyzed and sodium hydroxide is made in the cathode. A cathode is a type electrode where electrons move. Water is then condensed hydrogen gas and hydroxide ion. The hydrogen is then taken out of the equation so that the hydroxide bonds with the sodium. Sodium carbonate also known as washing soda is a white solid and has the chemical formula of Na2CO3. The molar mass of sodium carbonate is 105.9888 g/mol. Sodium carbonate is formed naturally; when sodium is released from igneous rocks and when it is carried away by the rivers it comes in contact with carbon dioxide it will participate out as sodium carbonate. Just to get sodium carbonate to its boiling point is impressive you have to it to a temperature 1,554̊ F and its melting point is 2,912̊

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