The Proper Role of Government

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The world has witnessed a wide variety of governments throughout its history such as democracies, monarchies, republics, and dictatorships, to name a few, and each have tackled various issues differently. Today, the citizens of this nation are divided on whether or not our government should be more or less involved in our lives, and argue about what the government should be doing. But is our government doing what it’s supposed to do? What is a government supposed to do? From a western philosophical viewpoint, no matter what government type, the roles of a government should be to secure the rights and liberties of its people, encourage them to perform their civic duties, and to protect the people from foreign powers and their own selves.
First of all, a government should secure the rights and liberties of its people because we are all equal and have natural rights that are inalienable, as said by John Locke, “A state also of equality, wherein all the power and jurisdiction is reciprocal, no one having more than another” (Locke 181). This has been such a widely shared and accepted idea that it has become self-evident that governments should protect these rights. Furthermore, having these basic natural rights - the right to life, liberty, and property, or the pursuit of happiness – allows one to at least live a bearable, if not content and decent, life. It is mentioned in the Declaration of Independence: “That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, that whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or abolish it,” (189). Thus, we need to give up some of our freedom, by submitting to the gove...

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...atural right to life, and it is most likely in the interest of a government to keep its people alive. So that liberty must be removed in order to secure the right to life.
In conclusion, a government needs to secure the unalienable rights and liberties of its people, and should step down when the people demand a new one. A government also needs to improve the birthplaces of good citizens, which are families, schools, public organizations and institutions, so people will be encouraged to be involved in the community and perform their civic duties. Finally, all of this cannot be possible unless the people feel safe and have peace of mind. Thus, a government will need to protect its people from foreign powers and from their own selves. In all of this, the nation will be preserved and the country and society can grow and become a better place for future generations.

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