As the 19th century came to a close a new epoch, known as the Progressive Era emerged in response to industrialization. This early 20th century reform movement pursued control of the government to the people. In order to reinstate economic opportunities and to correct inequity in American life. Progressives believed that government could be used as a powerful tool for social improvement (Gillon, Matson 2009). Although the Progressive ideal was presented by numerous Progressive authors of different genre, together they all presented the impact of the economic, political, social, and moral reforms of the American Society.
Poverty rose, big corporations became corrupt, and the minorities wanted to be treated equally. The Progressive Era led to America into a new realm with more amendments to the United States Constitution, social improvements for women suffrage and minority equality, and economic change in regard to regulations of big corporations. The political reform of the Progressive Era forced the government to get involved and make changes to the Constitution. The creation of Amendments sixteen, eighteen, and nineteen were formed to aid with social and economic problems in America. America was in a struggle between the rich and poor and the Income Tax Amendment was to bring relief to the working class.
To achieve this, the "Lucretia Mott Amendment," drafted by Alice Paul, was introduced to Congress in 1923 (Eisler and Hixson 420). This forerunner to the current ERA stated, "Men and Women shall have equal rights throughout the United States and in every place subject to jurisdiction" (Eisler and Hixson 429). The amendment was met with strong opposition. The opponents of the amendment had two main arguments: protective legislation and the role of women in society. Many social reformers felt the amendment would invalidate legislation protection women in the work force.
The Progressive era lasted from the start of the twentieth century till 1916. Progressives – that started a vaguely defined movement aimed at bringing about a change in society and politics – were people from different backgrounds with dissimilar objectives, including organizations looking to protect women and children from exploitation, Americans threatened by the rise of big business, and activists in favor of worker empowerment. A major set of reforms, that defined the role of government during this era, were state and local reforms aimed at changing the structure of elections to undermine political bosses and establish more public control. These reforms increased spending on schools, parks, and other public facilities, as living standards for the average American, especially workers, were not up to mark, and. State reforms in Wisconsin, under Governor Robert Follette, even went so far as to set up primary elections for n... ... middle of paper ... ... and reforms passed during the New Deal under FDR did not go unopposed.
American society was transformed in the 20th century by the economical and social changes stemming from the industrial and urban boom. Many of these transformations included innovations in science, technology, mass communication and transit. This heavily impacted the standard of health and living conditions of many workers in the cities. This transformation would bring about a movement known as “progressivism”. Progressivism is basically a label for a group of individuals, mostly urban college-educated middle class supporters, who demanded reform from the government and businesses to improve working conditions, eliminate health hazards and give the public more control in the government.
With the new deal came several changes to American economic, social, and public life. The first big change that this proposal introduced was the general idea of an authoritarian government protecting the common people. Until this deal, Americans shied away from socialism and strong federal government in fear of the rich and powerful taking advantage of the middle class. During the Great Depression, Roosevelt and his New Deal heroically sought out to aid the American people in this time of great need. Many acts such as the Social Security Act warmed people up to the idea of a stronger federal governmen... ... middle of paper ... ...haps the biggest effect on society was the increase in the size and power of the national government.
The rise of the middle class in the country also facilitated the progressive movement. This research focuses on progressivism in the United States with the aim of identifying changes experienced during the period. The harsh conditions experienced in the United States prompted the Americans to seek ways of improving the society. The populist movement is among the attempts made by a section of the American people to make desirable sociopolitical changes. City workers and farmers united under the Populist Party with the aim of mitigating the excesses of huge business firms (Piott, 2011).
Brazilian suffragist campaigns led to women’s right to vote in 1932. Brazilian Communist Party “mobilized low-income women to strive for better working conditions and participate in the broader struggles of society.” Such mobilizations, especially after the 1940’s, started many women’s organizations. The conservative stances of the Catholic Church have had an enormous impact on laws, including such issues as contraceptives and abortions. Moreover, the military coup of the 1960’s put an end to the women’s movements. It brought women two steps backwards in that it “focused on maintaining order, preserving traditional family ties, protection of property, obeying the church, family, military hierarchy.” Oppression by the military caused Feminism not to reemerge until the 1970’s.
After the civil war, America was rapidly growing socially and economically. Because of the rapid industrial growth, many businesses were abusing their workers and therefor gave them very low wages. Workers and many other people began to unite and fight for their rights and for the well-being in society. This time period, known as the Progressive era, brought very important social changes and reforms. The Progressive era was very successful because the majority of the changes were to improve the lives of all American workers and to make a beneficial change.