Between the settlement of Jamestown in 1607 and the Treaty of Paris in 1763, the most important change that occurred in the colonies was the emergence of society quite different from that in England. Changes in religion, economics, politics and social structure illustrate this Americanization of the transplanted Europeans.
Between the settlement at Jamestown in 1607 and the Treaty of Paris in 1763, the most important change that occurred in the colonies was the emergence of a society quite different from that in England. Changes in religion, economics, politics and social structure illustrate this Americanization of the transplanted Europeans.
After the French and Indian War, England had gained new territories west of the Appalachian mountains for which the Crown had specific plans which was to be laid out in the form of a proclamation. 1 The King issued the proclamation of 1763 which said that colonists would be prohibited from settling in the new lands west of the Appalachian divide. The King proclaimed that the newly acquired lands would be given to the Indians and no settlers could cross the divide, except traders licensed by the Crown. The Proclamation of 1763 was seen as the best way to prevent violence with the Indians, and keep the colonies close to the mother country. “western expansion seemed a good way to save money, prevent trouble with the Indians, and keep the colonies tied closely to the mother country.” (The American Nation 100). The Proclamation of 1763 was quickly followed by the Sugar Act , in 1764 and the Stamp Act a year later. These three decisions by the Crown brought together Colonists in opposition to the decisions and eventually opposition to the Crown itself. These Colonists, these soon to be revolutionaries and nation builders
Now, able to express their grievances and frustrations, the Colonies were able to essentially “stick it to the man” against Britain. Thomas Jefferson writes how Great Britain’s king had “impos[ed] taxes on [them] without [their] consent,” and “depriv[ed] [them] of the benefits of trial by jury.“ He goes on to say that the king had abolish[ed] [their] most valuable laws; and alter[ed] fundamentally the forms of [their] governments.” (Baym 342) This list of complaints goes on and on. The king took away all of their fundamental rights, and the colonists were fed up. Thomas Jefferson says that he didn’t just take away their rights, but he took away their basic human rights, and “waged cruel war against human nature itself, violating its most sacred rights of life and liberty in the persons of a distant people who never offended him.” (Baym 343) These are very strong words from Thomas Jefferson, but they reflect the way these colonists felt. They were angry, and they had every right to
“ No taxation without representation!” a group of colonists shouted as they roamed the streets surrounded by armed, red-coated British soldiers. Around the 1760’s, turmoil between the 13 colonies and Britain began. Britain no longer gave them their rights, respected the amount of time between taxations, or gave them a say in any law that applied to them. Although there are reasonable things that Britain did, American colonists were justified in waging war and breaking away. If Britain was going to bombard them with taxation and laws in the span of a few short years or not present them with a representative in Parliament, then the colonists had every right to become their own self governing country.
Up until the time of the Seven Years War (French-Indian War), the colonies were fairly independent and self-governing. The Proclamation Act of 1763 was one of the first mandates that the British Parliament forced upon the American colonists. The act created an invisible border along the Appalachian Mountains that the American colonists could not cross without having the permission of the British government. The goal was to limit immigration to the west until new agreements could be made with the Native Americans, who Britain wanted to prevent another war with, and to protect business ventures such as the fur trade. This resriction came as a surprise to the American colonists, who felt that they deserved to settle this land after winning the war. To add insult to injury, the British Parliament, which was suffering from a huge amount of debt as a result of fighting the French, decided to tax the colonists to recoup their expense.
...The reason I take no position in this struggle is because both the British Parliament and the colonist made decisions that were unjust and uncalled for. Both the British Empire and British American colonies seemed to be ignorant of each other because each had their own interests and ideas of how the new world should serve the mother country. Neither of them understood each other about the basis of what was going on. The administrative authority of the British Empire seemed to lack leadership mainly due to the reason because the rulers in Britain had no clear idea about the new world. I guess it was in the human nature for the colonies to break its ties from Britain since the beginning because since the discovery of the new world the English saw the land where human settlement could start a new perfect society without the “flaws and inequalities of the old world.”
As the British and Colonists were engaged in the Seven Years War against the French and Indians, the colonists were slowly building up feelings for their removal from under the British crown. There had been several uprisings to overthrow the colonial governments. When the war ended and the British were victorious, they declared the Proclamation of 1763 which stated that the land west of the Appalachians was to be "reserved" for the Native American population. The colonists were confused and outraged and the now ambitious social elite were raring to direct that anger against the English since the French were no longer a threat.
The colonists were in every right, aspect and mind, not only justified but also it was about time that they stood of and actually take action against the British. The choice of going to war with them, was the only choice that they had. All diplimatical options that they had ceased to stand a chance against the tyrant Britain. From the very beginning when the colonists felt upset against their mother country and the way that they went about the law making, up until the beginning of the war, they tried all diplimatical options that they had, by sending letters, you name it. When they didn’t work then they had no other means but to declare war.
The colonists have to deal with a government that is trying to dictate what and how things should be done in America, from across the ocean, and they are starting to realize that they should have a voice for their own well being. The Proclamation of 1763 is just the beginning of the rebellion towards the British and their control over the colonists.
To those ready for change, as of mid-1776 our colonies have gone through drastic changes in over the past few years in order to unite and become a sovereign country. Following the Sons of Liberty’s Boston Tea Party incident, British Parliament passed a series of unacceptable laws, known as the Intolerable Acts, which clearly violated our human rights. The Boston harbor was shut down, a British Governor was appointed to Massachusetts, British soldiers are now being quartered in colonists’ homes, and a series of tax laws were placed on items which were previously essential to colonists. To top it off, this has taken place without the colonial men and women’s voice being represented overseas in Parliament. The Provincial Congress has been put together to vote on how to resolve the Intolerable Acts.
The beginning of 1763 marked one of the major events that would contribute to the end of British colonial relations. On February 3, 1763 the French and Indian War finally ended in British victory, but while the British celebrated the French’s defeat, colonists feared the oncoming reverberations the war would have on them. The main motive behind the war was for possession over the French fur trade territory in North America. To the colonists, the war was being fought by and for Britain not the colonies. The benefits of the victory only pertained to Britain. The after effect of the war for the colonies was the trampling on their need for expansion. During the war, Native Americans had fought with the French because of how well they treated them. Britain was notorious for abusing the Native Americans, therefore once the French were defeated; they began attacking western settlements of colonists. To avoid confrontation, the Proclamation of 1763 was passed by Parliament. The Proclamation established a limit to the greatly needed colonial expansion. Specifically, the Proclamation forbid settlement beyond the Appalachian Mountains. The passing of the Proclamation of 1763 infuriated colonists ...
In the world’s lens during the 1760s, the British empire had a clear and prominent control over the colonies. However, by the mid-1770s the Americans became enraged enough to declare war against the British for independence. Due to Britain’s massive imperial presence around the globe, the British civilians had a strong inclination for a successful outcome. Instead, the colonists pulled a surprising victory from what should have been a swift defeat. While the British had an abundance of advantages, they lost the Revolutionary War because the British army underestimated the colonists’ perseverance for freedom.