Solutions to Poverty Poverty is a major problem in the United States today. Social, economical, political, and cultural factors all contribute to poverty. Education and economic development are two major issues that will help prevent poverty. The United States Census Bureau defines poverty as an "economic condition in which people lack sufficient income to obtain basic needs for food, housing, clothing, health services and education." In other words, poverty is powerlessness, a lack of representation and freedom.
There are many different opinions about the so-called “vicious circle of poverty”. Many economists have their opinions about this topic. One of them is Ranger Nurkse. In his“Problems of Capital Formation in Underdeveloped Countries”, he wrote that: “Vicious circle of poverty is the basic cause of under-development of poor countries”. It was explained briefly by: “a country is poor because it is poor” or “Because it is poor, the country does not develop; because it does not develop, it remains poor”.
Money can make people feel secure, still, money cannot make people happy. Depression, isolation, and guilt are common outcomes of having vast amounts of money to protect, preserve, and maintain. Poverty stricken homes are more likely to result in single-parent homes, inability to afford important nutritional food, unaffordable homes leading to homelessness and less children are completing higher education. Impoverished people are more likely to become criminals. Poverty is a major social problem affecting the rural counties in the United States.
Factors Contributing to Poverty There are many factors that aid the prevalence of poverty. Firstly, it is difficult to assess these causes because the word ‘poverty’ can be very subjective and difficult to define. In attempting to define what poverty is, one would suggest having a lack of income and resources not consistent with the requirements of the poverty line. Three factors that play major roles as causes of poverty would be having a lack of education, systemic discrimination, and inequities based on a capitalist system. This paper will look at ways in which these causes can be combated and at the same time evaluated in regards to it’s positive and negative aspects.
The struggle of moving up on the social ladder is nearly impossible to most people. Poverty is a social problem, it affects different individuals, and there are public assistance programs to help fight the issue. What is Poverty Poverty is noted as being a social inequality, and that is exactly what it is. "Social inequality is the unequal distribution of wealth, income, power and opportunities" (Henslin 191). With that definition we can conclude that poverty is indeed a social inequality, because people who live in poverty do not have an equal opportunities to the wealth, power, and opportunities listed in the definition.
Absolute deprivation is an objective measure of poverty, whereby people are considered poor because he or she is incapable to meet minimal fundamentals such as food, shelter, health care and material objects. Is it difficult to participate in society for those who live in an impoverished life? Many would say that people living in poverty are behind in our cultural movement; that he or she lack the essentials to be on an equal level with the rest of society. Many theories have been applied to the issue of poverty with controversy over how and if the poverty problem should be addressed. Inequality, homelessness, and the idea of the American dream also has an influence on poverty.
In (1899) Rowantree conducted a study of people experiencing poverty in York, Absolute poverty based on income. He concluded a family lived ... ... middle of paper ... ...clude that Government policies and legislation are to blame for poverty, although the new policies and strategies in place today help some they do not help all clients. I do not feel that it is social works responsibility to deal with poverty or that social work can alleviate poverty, as social work does not have the resources, funding or the staff. I feel that social work can and should challenge poverty, deprivation and discrimination in other ways by anti-oppressive and discriminatory practice. Empowering clients to be aware not only of, their own injustices but that of other groups who discriminate against each other, to install understanding and unity within the community a holistic approach.
To relate this to Durkheim’s theory, in a sense, it’s a norm that we have poverty in America because then we have people who can and will work the jobs that no one wants to, such as garbage collectors, janitors, and more. We need people to work these jobs so that society continues to function. However, one of the weakness of Durkheim’s functional theory is how do we define which job, talent, or function is more important and why. This is related to poverty because we have jobs that are low-paying jobs, but because we know with such bad social conditions, people are willing to contribute to the functional society by taking the less skilled jobs, also the least appreciated jobs as well. Relating this back to Marx’s theory on wages being lowered and proletariats accepting it because they need to mean their need of subsistence.
Poverty can be defined as the lack of means necessary to meet a person’s basic needs such as food, clothing and shelter. Poverty is a worldwide problem that affects people emotionally and often results in the death of thousands of people annually. Some may argue that poverty may be caused by one’s poor choices. However, it is simply a result of the social and economic effects that society plays on individuals. Social and economic effects such as discrimination, financial constraints and the lack of opportunities available to those citizens are just some of the common setbacks that people who undergo poverty are challenged with on a daily basis.
Some may say that poverty can be the result from lack of money but the truth lies deeper than that. The purpose of this paper is to discuss some of the major causes and sub causes, as well as effects of poverty. Some are education, hunger, health insurance, homelessness, crimes and some of the sub causes as depression, obesity, substandard housing and stress. Poverty damages a person health over their life course. Poverty has a great impact on society as a whole.