Due to these “rotten apples” and even whole departments being corrupt, gave way to the lack of trust in police departments nationwide. Police corruption is defined as the abuse of police authority for personal or organizational gains. Corruption comes in many forms and varies in severity. As aforementioned the frequency of police corruption occurring is less common, since the activities tend to happen in secret and there’s only a few rotten apples. In several countries, corruption involving the police not only exists but could potentially become customary.
The reason is simple. There diviance elicits a special feeling of betrayal. "Most studies support the view that corruption is endemic, if not universal, in police departments. The danger of corruption for police, and this is that it may invert the formal goals of the organization and may lead to "the use of organizational power to encourage and create crime rather than to deter it" (Sherman 1978: p 31) General police deviance can include brutality, discrimination, sexual harassment, intimidation, and illicit use of weapons. However it is not particularly obvious where brutality, discrimination, and misconduct end and corruption begin.
Police corruption has detrimental effects to the public because it hinders the course of justice and the community’s trust in the police. According to the New York State Division of Criminal Justice Services, it is difficult to determine the extent of police deviance in the respective departments and to the greater extent corruption. The procedures, policies and rules present in police agencies habitually create a perception of a lack of police corruption and deviance. However, the National Criminal Justice Reference Service (2013) reports that no matter how minor the violations of the laid down rules and regulations are there is a way in which they could be dete... ... middle of paper ... ...gh which police corruption could be and should be detected. The public rarely witnesses police corruption.
In addition to protecting criminals or ignoring their activities, officers involved in drug related corruption were more likely to be involved in stealing drugs and/or money from drug dealers, selling drugs, lying under oath about illegal searches, and other crimes. Although not enough data was available upon which to base an estimate of the extent of corruption, the amount of cases of police corruption proved that it was striking enough to concern the public. The most commonly identified patterns of corruption involved small groups of officers who protected and assisted each other in criminal activities. The demands of the public and politicians, however, have caused an outrage and a fear that open investigations and accusations of corruption will cause the problem of distrust in the police to grow even greater. Some police forces seem to have adopted a market-based approach to law enforcement.
Local and state authorities in 32 other jurisdictions are either engaged in active investigations or prosecutions of dirty cops (Johnson,1998) . FBI Director Louis J. Freeh has stated: "The insidious nature of police corruption inherently undermines the confidence of the American people in one of the basic tenets of democracy that law enforcement officers will honestly and fairly protect and serve the citizens to whom they answer. The selfish and deceitful acts of a few cannot be allowed to impugn the integrity of the law enforcement profession." (U.S. Department of Justice,1998). The existence of police corruption in society raises many important questions.
Also, officers can be bribed to sell information about criminal investigations either before or after arrests. Corruption also includes theft from arrested people or theft of drugs, money, or property from crime
Another part of discretion that can lead to corruption is the battle between internal and external goals for policing. Discretion is not the only thing that is very important, but also police work (Newburn & Webb, 1999). Other constant factors are “low managerial visibility, peer group secrecy, managerial secrecy, and association with police officers contact with lawbreaker” (Newburn & Webb, 1999, p.17). Another factor is low public visibility because the public does not a large amount of what police do. Status problems is a constant factor because police are stated to not be paid as much as the authority they have obtain.
Corruption within police departments falls into two basic categories; internal corruption, involving relationships among the police within the works of the police department (ex: promotions or favored assignments, usually purchased with bribes) and external corruption, which involves police contact with the public. There are many different forms of corruption; gratuity, involving free meals, free dry cleaning and discounts; bribery, involving the exchange of money or something of value between the police and wrong doer (this is very common among narcotics officers); theft and Burglary, involving office... ... middle of paper ... ...ll help to weed out the bad candidates from future police officer positions. The fight against corruption will be a long battle as the problems of yesterday, still remain today, with little to none improvement. Bibliography Bibliography Why Good Cops Go Bad. Newsweek, p.18.
In layman 's terms corruption can be defined as a dishonest or fraudulent act committed by those in power. Corruption in relation to police officers can be applied to many different issues and examples, all of which relate to an abuse of power in search of individual prosperity (Rothlein, 2008). Police have been known to carry out acts of corruption varying from bribes to brutality and the violation of basic rights (…) and although varying in severity, the universal outcome is a loss of society’s trust. Trust in law enforcement is necessary as the officers, who are held responsible by society, have also been given powers by that society which allow officers to stop, detain, and arrest average citizens (Loree, 2009). Sartor (2003) even went as far to state if there was no trust, co-operation would end, and the whole fabric of society would
The Webster’s Dictionary defined it as the inducement of wrong by an improper or unlawful means, as the abuse of entrusted power for private gain. (Mariam- Webster online Dictionary (2009). When most people think of corruption they think of bribery, Nepotism, fraud, embezzlement. Bribery most of the time is the police officer taking money for a ticket or to look the other way during a crime. Nepotism is normally a public official allowing his relative or neighbor to do something that he would cite someone else for.