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The Problem of Evil

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The argument from evil for the non-existence of God has been a widely disputed question in religious philosophical debate. This question is trying to explain how a traditional God allows for certain evil in the world to occur when he has the ability, knowledge, and capacity to stop these events from occurring. But in order to go into depth about this particular argument, the first thing is identifying what traits a traditional God is supposed to have. A ‘traditional’ monotheistic God, such as the one found in the Judeo-Christian religion, is supposed to be omnipotent, omniscient, and omnibenevolent. If God contains these three traits, then that means that he wants to stop evil in this world, he knows how to, and he is powerful enough to prevent evil from happening. But there are things or acts in this world that we can label as evil. Therefore, according to this argument, there is no God or God in the traditional sense that bears all three qualities.

A theist could try to form a counterargument, without trying to infer that God lacks in at least one of these traits, by answering that the evil we see is necessary for some greater purpose. It could be meant to learn a lesson or is actually the result of our own actions. There is a quote that says that if we do not learn our past, then history is doomed to repeat itself. Another thing is that in order for good to exist, evil must exist as well. You cannot just have one without the other. There are two distinctions within ‘necessary evil’ are what is known as natural and moral evil. Moral evil is linked with our free will. By giving humans and other creatures free will, God is allowing us, to a certain extent, conduct our own destiny even though it might have less tha...

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...at God made his creations as perfect as he could. Because, by God being perfect, he therefore did create perfect beings. I do think that a theist could answer or give a reasoning for this statement. The reason the universe seems so fragile could be that this is the one instance where he did succeed in creating the perfect conditions in order for there to be life. And what is to say the universe as fragile as Philo claimed? Everything seems to be working cohesively and the organisms that do not simply go extinct.

The argument from evil is a tricky debate simply because both sides have multiple components to cipher through. On one side, it says that the universe does not reach the standard it would be if the traditional God existed. On the other side, it is said that this universe is indeed perfect and every misgiving is meant to be better in the long run.
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