The Problem Of Adolescent Girls Being Influenced By Gender

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Introduction Women and men have historically been treated differently in regards to civil rights, employment expectations, opportunities and salary, and other fields of opportunity based on gender barriers(Raque-Bogdan, Klingaman, Martin, & Lucas, 2013). Over time, women have legally had more and more opportunities because of legislation, from the right to vote to some laws for equal opportunities in the workplace, which have led to more job and career opportunities for women. However, there is the exception to representation barriers in the higher levels fields of mathematics, sciences, and engineering(National Science Foundation, 2015). There is also the problem of adolescent girls being influenced by gender-related beliefs exacted by society and their peers, which affect their motivation to pursue such careers (Leaper, Farkas, & Brown, 2012). There are also still many factors of discrimination against women in the workplace, especially in these higher tier jobs – like harassment (Leskinen, Rabelo, & Cortina, 2015). The problems being that there is limited accessibility to these types of jobs for women. Since these types of jobs are usually given to males, it is historically more difficult for women to obtain these higher level jobs and therefore elect to incorporate intellectual features - which are usually attributed to males - in order to reach the same level of success as males(Leskinen, Rabelo, & Cortina, 2015). This may prove a difficult task since these same attributes that women almost need to adopt in order to ensure their success at a higher tier job, are the same attributes that lead to sexual harassment in a number of different ways; from sexual remarks to gender policing and many ways in between(Leskinen, Rabelo, & ... ... middle of paper ... ...ween gender identity and perceived math self-efficacy. However, there was a significant correlation between gender identity and ethnic identity recorded by participants. While there may have been more non-significant results than expected, this is all useful information in the form of what not to look for in similar types of sample populations - college students in southern California. The information is useful in the sense that it shows that the college population may not be as likely to display stereotypes as the general population, considering that they are usually more open-minded and have higher cognitive skills than the average person. Another piece of useful information is the positive correlation between ethnic identity and gender identity, showing that even college students – who are more proficient in certain areas – are heavily influenced by their culture.
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