Socrates is a famous philosopher whose work and wisdom has not been forgotten, and it is doubted that it will be forgotten. His philosophy was not understood by many at his time. Not only did they not understand it, but they also felt ignorant about it. Thus, formed an anger within them that the only way to cease it was by imprisoning him. Socrates however, never failed to accept that his philosophy was wrong.
For instance, Crito says he has rich friends that will help Socrates leaves Athens. Socrates questions Crito about exile, because Socrates believed that banishment is defying the law. I do not agree with Socrates because he is given two choices, eviction or death. However, my personal perspective is that both men are right and wrong, Socrates should not escape because of his moral values; however, there is nothing wrong with exile. Socrates believed in many things; for example, believing in the after life, and not fixing injustice with additional injustice.
He applies this logic to mean that he must go around Athens and show others that they are not actually wise, so that they can become intelligent like him. As a result, he feels he is helping the society of Athens as a whole. By a small number, Socrates is found guilty and the jury comes to a decision to put Socrates to death. To further his display of haughty behavior Socrates’ response is to say in a mostly joking manner that the city should be giving him a medal of honor. He continues on to reject exile and prison time, suggesting that he pay a fine.
Crito is trying to save Socrates life, while Socrates is trying to show him how to save his soul. Socrates was a man of strong beliefs. He valued the state of his soul as being much more important than physical life. He lived his life ruled by justice and morals rather than emotion. He would not commit an act deemed to be unjust, even if it was in retaliation to an unjust act because this would mar his soul.
Crito does not understand the madness of Socrates, and would like nothing more than to help his dear friend escape to freedom. "…I do not think that what you are doing is right, to give up your life when you can save it, and to hasten your fate as your enemies would hasten it, and indeed have hastened it in their wish to destroy you. "(Crito p.48d) Plato introduces several pivotal ideas through the dialogue between Crito and Socrates. The first being that a person must decide whether the society in which he lives has a just reasoning behind its’ own standards of right and wrong. The second being that a person must have pride in the life that he leads.
According to Socrates, the only opinion that he is willing to consider would be that of the state. “...if you go forth, returning evil for evil, and injury for injury,...we shall be angry with you ... ... middle of paper ... ... state of Athens, constitutes disobedience against the state. He argues that obeying the state is a requirement right up until death. He says that by not obeying the state that he was raised in, it's like not obeying his parents that raised him. Socrates was a man who stuck to his commitment to truth, morality and philosophy over life.
It does not make sense for him to live with a soul that is corrupted. Socrates is a very convincing speaker and philosopher because of all the good arguments he brings forth to the table revolving around his idea of living life justly. A big reason he did the right thing by not escaping is because and unjust act should not be done to repay an unjust act. He says “If we ought never to act unjustly at all, ought we to repay injustice with injustice, as the multitude thinks we may?” to help solidify his argument... ... middle of paper ... ...life; it was to not escape jail. This was the right decision even though it was to cost him his life.
This is the basic concept of philosophy, to try to examine and understand what is going on in life. Socrates understands that without this questioning, there would be no philosophy or a worthwhile life. (Plato 25) Socrates was a wise man who realized that life was not something that could be easily understood. He knew that questioning life would lead to a stronger conception of life and reality. When he stated that “the unexamined life is not worth living” (Plato 45), he truly meant that without questioning life, one would not be truly living.
Socrates’ Trial Defense in Terms of His Values In his Apology, Plato recounted the trial that led to the execution of his friend and mentor, Socrates. The account revealed that values of Socrates’ accusers and his own fundamentally differed, and that they had been angered because he tried to prove that they had misplaced theirs. Those differences created conflict between the two parties that culminated in his trial. With the understanding that a jury condemned Socrates to death and his defense nevertheless pleased him because he gave it truthfully, it is most sensible to call it a good defense because he felt it was the best that he could do. In reply to the first charge against him, Socrates effectively recounted the reason that he had been privately questioning Athenians and claiming that some of their personal beliefs had been ill-founded.
Revealed in the play Antigone, the female character is [exposed as a rebellion] awkward against the government; but in the play Apology, a male philosopher is seen as a martyr for his belief in a true justice system. Although both characters have some political standpoint, Socrates, the philosopher, has more respect for the political authority, since he supports [basic civil rights] there was no notion of rights in ancient Greece and follows the law without putting himself above the legal system. Throughout the play Apology, Socrates is seen defending his actions instead of trying to cover up his accusations. This method of defending himself supports his will to reach justice and freedom of speech: “men of Athens, I honor and love you; but I shall obey God rather than you, and while I have life and strength I shall never cease from the practice and teaching of philosophy... I shall never alter my ways, not even if I have to die many times" (Plato 35-36).