1. There are two types of theoretical perspectives that will be used in this essay to analyze the presence of unexploded ordinances (UXOs) in Laos (Starin, 2010, p. 3). The social-conflict perspective is described by Macionis (2009) as one that “sees society as an arena of inequality that generates conflict and change” (p. 13). There are several different conflict approaches; all these approaches are centered on the inequalities but each uses a different class and lens to describe the inequality taking place. The varieties of conflict perspectives are: gender, race, and social. Although any conflict approach could be applied in this case, this essay will take the social-conflict approach defined previously. This conflict approach was pioneered by Karl Marx who thought that conflict was based on class inequalities (Macionis, 2009, p. 17). In Society: the basics, Macionis (2009) also describes the symbolic-interactionist perspective; it is detailed as seeing society “as the product of the everyday interactions of individuals” (p. 15). The way that people initiate and react to situations in their daily lives through symbols creates a societal reality within which they operate.
As a macro-level orientation, the social-conflict approach provides a “broad focus on social structures that shape society” (Macionis, 2009, p. 15). The social-conflict approach, which has to be viewed on a global scale in this instance, might see the presence of the UXOs in Laos as the product of the inequalities between two countries, the United States and Laos. The global perspective, as this is referred to, enables one to study the more expansive world and each society’s place in it (Macionis, 2009, p. 5). Laos is a small count...
... middle of paper ...
...of highway” accidents are caused by “driver error, lack of knowledge, inattention, physical or mental condition, improper attitude, or faulty judgment” (Alabama Department of Public Safety, 2005, p. 44). A micro-level observation might just state, “most people in Mobile are a bad drivers.” This observation might be acceptable to some; however, it does not give a complete picture of why traffic records were, in 2006, the second worst in the state of Alabama, by county (Alabama Department of Public Safety, 2005, p. 73).
Alabama Department of Public Safety. (2005). Driver Education Course. 2nd edition. Mobile, Alabama: Alabama Safety Institute, Inc.
Macionis, J. J. (2009). Society: the basics. 10th edition. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Pearson Education, Inc.
Starin, D. (2010, May 30). Unexploded Ordnances (UXOs) in Laos. Z Magazine, 3-4.