False. There were a few options available to the United States at the time. The
In Richard B. Frank’s book, Downfall: The End of the Imperial Japanese Empire, he discusses the options that the American military had to end the war in the spring and summer of 1945. Frank also discusses the issues and influences of the decision-making process. As well as the reason, why the American military actually chose to unleash atomic power as a war-winning weapon when America had already used means that were more “conventional” that drastically reduced the Japanese Empire. Frank’s opinion in his book has led to many controversial debates from many people.
August 6th, 1945, 70,0000 lives were ended in a matter of seconds. The United States had dropped an atomic bomb on the city of Hiroshima. Today many argue whether or not the U.S. should have taken such a drastic measure. Was it entirely necessary that we drop such a devastating weapon? To answer that first we must look at was going on in the world at the time of the conflict. The U.S. had been fighting a massive war since 1941. Moral was most likely low, and resources were at the same level as moral. Still both sides continued to fight and both were determined to win. Obviously the best thing that could have possibly happened would have been to bring the war to a quick end with a minimum of allied casualties. Harry Truman’s decision to drop the atomic bomb was entirely warranted and was in the best interest of Americans and the world. Three factors should be considered to fully realize this. First, what would have happened should we have not dropped the bomb? Would WWII have ended shortly afterwards without nuclear arms-not likely. Secondly we must consider the Japanese people’s extreme dedication to their country and emperor, willing to give up their own lives without thinking to stop the enemy. Lastly the morality of nuclear bombing must be explored. While many may argue against the use of such a seemingly cruel form of attack was unnecessary, it is obvious that the atomic bomb was the only means to an end of WWII.
As the war in Europe wraps into a close, and the country leaders are choosing what to do with defeated Germany, war still waged on in the pacific. As America continues to drive the Japanese empire back further and further into a corner, the war seems relentless. Defeat is inevitable for people of Japan. With a strong military code, the Japanese fight to the last breathe, and never allowed themselves to be prisoners. Truman, the next man up to fill in the role of recently deceased president Roosevelt is faced with an arduous decision, advance more American soldiers into the final assault of Japan, or use the recently developed atomic bomb as a chance to end the war swift and quick as possible. Truman choose to use the atomic bomb to have a minimum amount of American casualties. “Until July 1945, the atomic bomb remained untested and the leading plan of the U.S. was to invade
The war was coming to a victorious conclusion for the Allies. Germany had fallen, and it was only a matter of time until Japan would fall as well. Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson was at the forefront of the American war effort, and saw atomic weaponry as a way out of the most monumental war ever. As discussed in Cabell Phillips’ book, The Truman Presidency: The History of a Triumphant Succession, Stimson was once quoted as saying that the atomic bomb has “more effect on human affairs than the theory of Copernicus and the Law of Gravity” (55). Stimson, a defendant of dropping the bomb on Japan, felt that the world would never be the same. If the world would change after using atomic weapons, could it possibly have changed for the better? One would think not. However, that person might be weary of the biased opinion of White House personnel. He or she should care more for the in depth analytical studies done by experts who know best as to why America should or should not have dropped the atomic bomb. As more and more evidence has been presented to researchers, expert opinion on whether or not the United States should have dropped the two atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki has also changed. More and more researchers seem to feel that the atomic bomb should never have been used (Alperovitz 16). Despite several officials’ claims to enormous death estimations, an invasion of Japan would have cost fewer total lives. In addition, post atomic bomb repercussions that occurred, such as the Arms Race, were far too great a price to pay for the two atomic drops. However, possibly the most compelling argument is that Japan would have surrendered with or without the United States using the atomic bomb. In defiance of top...
Vidich, Arthur J. "Atomic Bombs And American Democracy." International Journal Of Politics, Culture & Society 8.3 (1995): 499. Academic Search Premier. Web. 1 Nov. 2013.
In the spring of 1945 as the bomb neared completion, Leo Szilard, the main creator of the bomb, was becoming a worried man. Although America felt no pressure from Germany because we knew they were not far enough along in their research to build an atomic bomb before the war ended, “Szilard now began of think about the effect that the use of the bomb might have on international relations” (Isserman, 168). He tried to set up a meeting with Roosevelt to discuss his concern, but the President died before Szilard had a chance to go meet with him. Now, with a new President, Harry Truman, the pressure to use the bomb was too great to be denied.
Upon reading “Prompt and Utter Destruction: Truman and the Use of Atomic Bombs Against Japan” by J. Samuel Walker, a reader will have a clear understanding of both sides of the controversy surrounding Truman’s decision to drop atomic bombs on the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki during World War II. The controversy remains of whether or not atomic bombs should have been used during the war. After studying this text, it is clear that the first atomic bomb, which was dropped on the city of Hiroshima, was a necessary military tactic on ending the war. The second bomb, which was dropped on Nagasaki, however, was an unnecessary measure in ensuring a surrender from the Japanese, and was only used to seek revenge.
In Prompt and Utter Destruction, J. Samuel Walker provides the reader with an elaborate analysis of President Truman’s decision behind using the atomic bomb in Japan. He provokes the reader to answer the question for himself about whether the use of the bomb was necessary to end the war quickly and without the loss of many American lives. Walker offers historical and political evidence for and against the use of the weapon, making the reader think critically about the issue. He puts the average American into the shoes of the Commander and Chief of the United States of America and forces us to think about the difficulty of Truman’s decision.
Truman’s decision to drop the atomic bomb ‘little boy’ on Hiroshima, 6th of August 1945, and later ‘fat man’ on Nagasaki, 9th of August, during World War Two was greatly influenced by several factors, such as Saving American lives, forcing the Japanese to surrender, preventing the Soviet Union from joining the war and various other smaller motivations. Truman’s motivations were very influential in the outcome of the war, and possibly even shaped the victory for the allied nations. The bombs did indeed save American lives that would have been lost in the invasion of Japan and forced the Japanese to surrender; it prevented the Soviet Union from entering the war, and in doing so, displayed the destructive power of the atomic bombs to the Soviet Union, however the dropping of the bombs was an extremely controversial decision both past and present, as it is thought by many to have been an inhumane action of that of a new president “testing out his new toys”, and such,
The development and usage of the first atomic bombs has caused a change in military, political, and public functionality of the world today. The bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki revolutionized warfare by killing large masses of civilian population with a single strike. The bombs’ effects from the blast, extreme heat, and radiation left an estimated 140,000 people dead. The bombs created a temporary resolution that lead to another conflict. The Cold War was a political standoff between the Soviet Union and the United States that again created a new worldwide nuclear threat. The destructive potential of nuclear weapons had created a global sweep of fear as to what might happen if these terrible forces where unleashed again. The technology involved in building the first atomic bombs has grown into the creation of nuclear weapons that are potentially 40 times more powerful than the original bombs used. However, a military change in strategy has came to promote nuclear disarmament and prevent the usage of nuclear weapons. The technology of building the atomic bomb has spurred some useful innovations that can be applied through the use of nuclear power. The fear of a potential nuclear attack had been heightened by the media and its release of movies impacting on public opinion and fear of nuclear devastation. The lives lost after the detonation of the atomic bombs have become warning signs that changed global thinking and caused preventative actions.
 Dey, A. K., Abowd, G. D., & Salber, D. (2001). A conceptual framework and a toolkit for supporting the rapid prototyping of context-aware applications.Human-computer interaction, 16(2), 97-166.
Mobile computing, whether it is the ubiquitous laptop, smart phone or tablet, has become a necessary part of our lives for both work and play. The hardware and software that provides us with the ability to send, receive and process data while on the go is constantly evolving. The companies that develop the hardware and operating systems that enable us to un-tether ourselves from our desks are constantly pouring billions of dollars into research and development to further enhance the hardware and software used for mobile computing. I intend to provide an overview of the major types of mobile devices that we currently use as well as two of the most important aspects of mobile computing, the operating system and programming tools. Operating systems and development tools, the major factors of innovation, will be discussed in depth as well as the hardware platforms they run on. I will then provide a brief history of mobile computing and how we got to where...