In 1962, Abraham Lincoln met Harriet Beecher Stowe. According to legend, he said, “So you’re the little lady who wrote the book that started this Great War” (Harriet Beecher Stowe Center). Uncle Tom’s Cabin, a controversial novel written about slavery during the 1800s, sparked many of the feelings that would eventually escalate into causing the bloodiest war America had ever seen. At the start of the novel, Mr. Shelby, a Kentucky plantation owner, must sell two of his slaves in order to settle his debt with Haley, a slave trader. Going against his conscience, he decides to sell Tom, an old religious and faithful slave, and Harry, a bright toddler.
Perhaps these were the reasons why the book sold more than 300,000 copies in its first year, as stated by McGuire. By 1852, Uncle Tom's Cabin broke all previous sales records for American novels (Goldner). As soon as word got out about this new, upcoming story, almost every anti-slavery supporter wanted to read it! In 1852 the Literacy ... ... middle of paper ... ... be crucial in American History during the Civil War. Harriet Beecher Stowe imprinted American minds and left a world-wide legacy that would last centuries.
All seven sons became minister, the oldest daughter pioneered women’s education, and the youngest daughter founded the National Women’s Suffrage Association. It's very appropriate to say that Stowe was born into a family of innovators. Primarily, one of Stowe's largest influence in her abolitionist ideas was her brother, Henry Ward Beecher, who was "already an outspoken abolitionist"; by the 1850s, he would become the "driving force" for Free Soil movement in banning slavery in Kansas. Although this was a significant influence, Stowe decided to write the novel after visiting Cincinnati; she wrote several short stories of all the monstrosities and mistreatments of slaves she witnessed and heard of. She finally combined these short stories and published Uncle... ... middle of paper ... ...1854. http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/plantation.htm (accessed December 12, 2013).
The four year war opposed one section of the country against each other and nearly rescinded the United States of America. It is no wonder why when Abraham Lincoln met Stowe, he responded that she was “the little woman who wrote the book that started this great war” and I would agree with that statement of his. Whether this is true or not, the gush highlights the public linking between Uncle Tom's Cabin and the Civil War. In the novel, Harriet Beecher Stowe introduces a housemaid slave, Eliza, who was promised her son would not be sold, however, when the poor economic conditions had hit her slave owners, they did not keep up with the promise of keeping Eliza’s son. One night she overheard them planning to sell her son, so Eliza escaped to help her son.
Biographical Summary Uncle Toms Cabin, written by Harriet Elizabeth Beecher Stowe in 1852, made her the most widely known American woman writer of the 19th century. She was a housewife with six children, who opposed slavery with a passion. With the advice of her sister-in-law she decided to write this novel. Harriet or nicknamed “Hattie” Beecher was born on June 14, 1811 in Litchfield, Connecticut. She was the sixth out of eleven children and was born into a family of powerful and demanding individuals.
Uncle Tom's Cabin was the best-selling novel of the nineteenth century and the second best-selling book of the century, after the Bible (Smith 221). The book helped to feed the abolitionist cause in the 1850s. In the first year after publication, it sold 300,000 copies in the United States. The book is structured in many layers that are combined, creating a surprising novel that can be read at any age. The first layer is the story itself, perhaps the one most often followed by the child in a summer vacation.
Stowe and her husband both shared a belief in abolition (Bio.com). While living in Maine, Harriet Beecher Stowe began to write her most famous novel, Uncle Tom’s Cabin. The first installment of this novel was published in the National Era in 1851. It was eventually published as a novel in 1852. This novel quickly became a bestseller, capturing the Nation’s attention, with more than three-hundred-thousand copies sold within the first year of publication.
27 Feb. 2014. . "Uncle Tom's Cabin." Harriet Beecher Stowe Center. Harriet Beecher Stowe Center, 2011. Web.
In 1836, she married Calvin Ellis Stowe, a distinguished bible scholar and theological professor, and they had seven children. After marrying, Stowe continued to write supplementing her husbands limited earnings. In 1850, the United States congress voted to pass the Fugitive Slave Law, which prohibited Northerners from helping runaway slaves and required them to return the slaves to their owners in the south. Stowe having moved to Brunswick, Maine with her family had been planing to write a protest of slavery since her experiences in Cincinnati. The passage of the fugitive slave law proved a powerful catalyst.
Frederick Douglass' Paper. 2 Dec. 1853, unpaged. Ethiop. "Review of Uncle Tom's Cabin." Frederick Douglass' Paper.