After her father’s death when she was 12, Hatshepsut became the queen of Egypt when she married her half-brother and he became the Pharaoh Thutmose II. He was the son of her father and one of his second wives. During the reign of Thutmose II, Hatshepsut assumed the traditional role of queen and principal wife. During their marriage, Hatshepsut and Thutmose II were not able to produce a male heir but had a daughter named Neferure. Because she was the first and main wife and queen of Thutmose II, when he died, she proclaimed herself the fifth Pharaoh while denying the old Kings son, her nephew.
Cleopatra’s other sister disappeared sometime between 58-55 B.C. Ptolemy XII named Cleopatra VII and Ptolemy XIII as heirs to the throne, and when he died they took over (Nardo). A rule established by Ptolemy II stated that you had to marry your sibling if ruling a country together. So Ptolemy XIII and Cleopatra VII married, but strictly as a rule. Cleopatra VII was eighteen and Ptolemy was only ten when they were named King and Queen of Egypt in 51 B.C.
Queen Hatshepsut, who ruled Egypt during the 18th dynasty, was one of a small handful of female pharaohs. Despite her many achievements, her reign is most remembered for the fact that she was a woman. Her unique story has been a source for dispute among scholars, which has led to a number of conflicting views. The small amount of Hatshepsut’s life that has been documented does not allow us to see the more intimate details of her life. Historians have a broad range of opinions on her, but one thing is certain: her reign provided Egypt with a period of peace and prosperity after 100 years of foreign rule.
Cleopatra VII Thea Philopator was born between the years 70 and 68 B.C. to Ptolemy XII as the second daughter in her family. Her mother was believed to be Cleopatra V Tryphaena, possibly Ptolemy XII’s half-sister. Although Cleopatra VII and her family ruled Egypt, they were not actually Egyptian. While it is widely believed that Cleopatra VII was of full Macedonian Greek decent, there are new theories floating around that she was possibly part African.
Cleopatra VII was the last ruler of Egypt, reigning from 51-30 BC, she ruled first with her two younger brothers and then with her son. Early reign. Cleopatra’s family had been ruling Egypt for centuries (Bragg and O'Malley 20). She was 18 years old when she became Queen of Egypt in the year 51 BC (Stanley and Vennema 6). Following custom, she got married to her ten-year-old brother, Ptolemy XIII (Blackaby 13).
He then became Cleopatra’s lover. In 47 BC Ptolemy Xlll drowned in the Nile while trying to escape, and Caesar then restored Cleopatra to her throne. After her older brother Ptolemy Xlll was died, Cleopatra was then forced by custom to marry her youngest brother Ptolemy XlV, which was about eleven at the time. After Cleopatra and Ptolemy XlV were settled on their joint government basis, she and Caesar went on a two-month cruise on the Nile. It is said that it was then she became pregnant, and she later gave birth to a son.