Detroit: Gale Research Company, 1979. Davin, Rene Twentieth Century Literary Criticisms. Ed. Dennis Poupard and Paula Leipos. Vol.
in Contemporary Literary Criticism, Vol. 2. Detroit: Gale,1974. Reed, Peter J. "Kurt Vonnegut, Jr." Dictionary of Literary Biography.
Delamotte, Eugenia C. reprinted in Twentieth-Century Literary Criticism Vol. 37. Ed. Paula Kepos. Detroit: Gale Research Inc., 1991.
p. 3 # Curly, p.84 # Ibid, p.84 # Wiseman, p.1 # Bryfonski, Dedria. Contemporary Literary Criticism. vol 7. (Detroit: Gale Research Company, 1977) p.153 # Wiseman, p.4
“Bram Stoker.” World Literature Criticism. Detroit: Gale, 1992. Vol.6 Richardson, Maurice. “Bram Stoker.” Contemporary Literary Criticism. Detroit: Gale, 1982.
Vitality and Death in The Dead In his short story The Dead, James Joyce creates a strong contrast between Gabriel, who is emotionally lifeless, and the other guests, who are physically aging and near death. Though physical mortality is inevitable, Joyce shows that emotional sterility is not, and Gabriel ultimately realizes this and decides that he must follow his passions. Throughout the story, a strong focus on death and mortality, a focus that serves as a constant reminder of our inevitable end of physical life, is prevalent in Joyce's selection of details. In the story, the unconquerable death ultimately triumphs over life, but it brings a triumph for the central character, not a loss. Despite the presence of death, the characters’ passions and individuality oppositely flourish, an irony that Joyce dares to make humorous.
New York: Penguin Books, 1993. Votteler, Thomas. Contemporary Literary Criticism Vol. 75, Detroit: Gale Research Inc., 1993.
Pearson, Carol. "Catch-22 & the Debasement of Language. "Contemporary Literary Criticism. (277) Matuz . Detroit: L Gale 1990.